reight to use religgion, and the french language. And with confederation, they got hteir own state. It
was created to protect the french socieity. And when we looked at multiculturalism, we can make the
observation that other groups, the itlaisions, ukranians, asians, africans, are moving up the
socioeconomic ladder in candna, although at different rates.
Despirte the fact that there were discirmination against these groups in the past, now they are protected
by the charter etc. but when it comes to native identiity the natives were long suppressed. The frenchw
ere fenced in, because theyw ere in quebec.
But the aborigianls, they were margininalized across cananda, they did not have any barrier like qubec.
So children were seperated from their parents I the name of assimilation. Theyw ere sent off to
christian missioinary schools. Infact many of ht eabrogiianls commnties, in northern ontario, whya re
they located where they are? Is because families can move to close to the schools so they canhave
ocntact with their abogiinals children.
So theidea was to assimilate the children into mainstream culture.
Based on this experience, the analsyis among quebecois and aboirginals, had natioanlists in both
camps. They bosed described their histories as being oppressed.
While the quebecois was getting more rights, the abroigianls wer eloosing their recongiziation and
-the french became urbanized, industrial, and became office workers.
-but for the aborgiianls, the huinting-culture had died because the whit epeoiople had killed off the
buffalos. Mot of the inuit in the northern territories were also relocated. When I say that parralell
analaysis between french and aboiriginals, this is what happens:
in aearly 60s we had a firest waves of decolonization, large parts of africa and asia were being
colonized. Like new guini, gana, congo, central african republic, uganda, nigera, etc. and that was a
model for quebec natioanlists, if these oppressed socieities can gain independencce, why couldn't the
quobecois? So ther ewas an anti-imperialist notion of movement.
Similarily the aboriginals took this view and thought of themselves as being coloized victims.
So now the textbooks of today are very sympatheitic to the aborigianls. This has mad epeople more
proud of their aboriigianl backgorund.
Both quebecorers and aborigianl natioanlists, notiitons of fighting liberalism, imperialism, etc. they
adopted the language of nationalist groups in the third world. The quebec govnerment served as a
model for aborigianils in dealing with ottawa and other govnerments. So abroigianls leaders showed
up, and said we are more distinct than the quebecois. But there are differences ebtween the coinditions
of french and that of aborigianls. French is declinging in intensitiy throughout cannada, but in quebec
its becoming stronger than even before. However for abroiginals, their languages are vanishing, this is
an important difference. The quebecois speak french, the abroiginals have many differing languages,
they do not have a common language. There are many different aborigianls languages, and varrying
different cultural =triaditions among abroiginal groups.
-french canandains as part of all cnanadians are shrinking in numbers, while abroigianls are gorwing in
numbers. Look at the dramatic growth in the abrigianal idendity.
By 1996, 800 000 people in the country called themselvs abroigianls, this number grew to a million
people over the years. This is not ebcause of population, but because more people are coming forward
and saying they are aboriginals. If you include those that say they are mixed, its even a bigger number.