Lecture #5-the democratization of japan part ii: from 1890 and onward, japan adopted the meji constitution. You see a slow transition to democracy with an executive dominant system: growth of expectations that executive would hold accountable everything. John dower"s magisterial study embracing defeat documents the enthusiasm of japan to accept americans: made americans think that their reforms were very successful. Innocent idealism of american reformers who were ignorant of. Japanese history turned out to know very well what was required for. Japan. (interesting irony: administrations in the occupation came out of the army. War: helped consolidated democracy as americans had to back away from extreme destabilization. (the cold war, we are left with the sense that democracy was transplanted in the wrong way and that is why it is dysfunctional. Japan"s attitude was very pessimistic and negative about democracy. 2011-10-13: contrast this to the thais" positive embrace of democracy.