POL224Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Single Transferable Vote, Approval Voting, Borda Count

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Lecture 3 (cid:862)electoral systems(cid:863) (september 26th, 2016) A state(cid:373)e(cid:374)t (cid:449)hose (cid:448)alidit(cid:455) (cid:272)a(cid:374) (cid:271)e p(cid:396)o(cid:448)e(cid:374), gi(cid:448)e(cid:374) that it(cid:859)s i(cid:374)itial assu(cid:373)ptio(cid:374)s a(cid:396)e true. Difference between the share of votes and share of seats received by parties in an election. When a voter chooses an option that they have no sincere preference for because: Their most preferred candidate has no chance of winning. Or due to restrictions imposed by an electoral system. To evaluate a voting rule, one should keep in mind the following criteria: fairness: Outcomes of elections are representatives of the largest franchise: efficiency: Being capable of reaching a consensus and executive decisions, as well as reducing the cost of deliberation. With regards to single-winner vs. multiple-winner votes: we will consider voting rules for single outcomes (single-winner votes) in general. To prevent tyrannies of the majority by giving everyone veto power. That the cost of deliberation is high and is vulnerable to (cid:858)log(cid:396)olli(cid:374)g(cid:859) st(cid:396)ategies. This rule is used mainly in juries:

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