POL301.rtf

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Published on 14 Aug 2012
School
UTSG
Department
Political Science
Course
POL301Y1
Professor
Lecture 1
The rise of europe and imperialism
- 1492 two major developments
The discovery
- Until 18th century, europe was not more advanced than Asia and Africa
- 2 groups of factors set stage for modern economc growth and socio political change
- 300 years between 14th and 17th centuries
- # of europe geographical expansionism and # of renaissance and enlightment
industrialization between 17th and 18th centuries (this is an important term: enlightment
industrialization; it was a movement for many purposes)
- The enlightment led to the french revolution took place around 18th century in France;
equality, freedom and justice. Then came the industrial revolution in 1758, a change in
technology
- European renaissance and enlightment - explasoipm of intellectual
- Columbus arriving in the Americas, there was a portugese that arrived in African post,
When the english people came to Africa many of the indigeneous people died as a
result of diseases from the the Europeans. There was little labor and then the Africans
were used to do the work
-
SLAVE TRADE
- With the rise European and Arab influence in Africa at the of the 15th century there
came a global perception of slavery as legitmate and necessary tool of political and
economic expansion
-Four majors slave trade networks specialized in the export of african slaves
- The Atlantic slave trade primairly shipped slaves to the Western Hemisphere (North
America, South America
- THe trans Sahara slaves trade whuch principially sold slaves to the mediterranean
coastal regions
- Some estimated that the trans African slave trade exported 11,313,000
- The red sea slave trade which sent slaves to the middle east and south Asian
THE END OF THE SLAVE TRADE
- the british act of 1807 to abolish slave trade was not an act of altruism
- Slaves in SOuth Africa, Jamaica and elsewhere in the British empire would have to
wait another three decdes for theor emancipation
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- One has to add also the resistance by slaves to liberate themselves that ended in the
liberation of haiti at the end of the 18th century
- The abolition oslavery gave the way for what they called "legitimate trade" colonialism
- Haiti became the first to revolt against the white men and liberated.
THE IMPACTS OF SLAVE TRADE
- WEST AFRICA: Slave trading brought about massive social disruption or depopulation
- The trading and warfare necessary for the provision of slaves was mostly carried by
indigenous groups in collaboration with European traders on the Cost
1. In the Carribean, Brazil, the southern USA, the experience of slavery had profound
consequences for social differentiation and cultural patterns that are stil felt today
- Even Africans collaborated with the Europeans for the purpose of owning guns and
fighting battles.
3. FOR EUROPE: Where the often vast profits of slave traders and shippers and
plantation owners were directed, slavery contributed to the accumulation of welath and
facilitated the transitions to industrial capitalism
IMPERIALISM AND COLONIALISM
- Imperialism refers to a apolicy of extending rule of a nation or empire over foreign
nations and of taking and holding foreign colonies
- F Schuman defined imperialism in the following terms: In the loose usage of historians,
the term often refers to any stance of state acquiring colonies or building an empire
particulary when the land involved are oversea and the people affected are alien in
culture and race
- Imperium-Imperialism used first in 1851
- Three stages of Imperialism: 1st 1492: Global expansion by Columbus. 2nd British
Dominance from 1776 to 1870. 3rd New imperialism started from 1870 to 1941
- Imperialism is as old as the state
- Modern colonialism began with the age of Discovery during which European nations
founded throughout the new world.
COLONIALISM
- Colonialism refers to the political, social, economic, and cultural domination of a
territory and its people by a foreign power for an extended period of time
- It is a relationship in which groups of people located in one country dominate others -
foreign occupation
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IMPERIALISM
- Imperialism refers to a general system of domination by a state of other state region of
the whole word
NEO-COLONIALISM
- is the process by which rish powerful, developed states use economic, political and
informal means to exert pressure on poor, less powerful, underdeveloped state
- Neo-colonialism means informal or indirect control which came into use in the 1950s
after Eurpean withdrawal from their colonies
THE MOTIVE OF EUROPEAN IMPERIALISM
1. The economic theory (Hobson, Lenin) over production, surplus capital, under
consumption in the industrialized countries led them to palce larger and larger portion of
their economic resources outside the area of thier present political domain, and to
stimulate a policy of political expansion
- Imperialism is the highest stafe of imperialism; lenin
2. Social Darwinism, emphasizing the alleged superiority of European race over other
races 'natural selection and the survival of the fittest
3. Evangelical Christianity - a broader humanitarian and missionary impulse to
westernize the African people. Church supported the state and state supported the
church
- The smartest is determined by skin color according to the Europeans. This idea of
Darwinism led to Nazism
4. Social atavism: imperialism was a result of a natural desire of man to dominate his
fellow man for the sake of dominating him, arising out of man's universal thirst for power
and domination but this theory is unconvincing
5. Diplomatic theory: balance of pwer, national prestige and global strategy
6. African dimension theory: the transition from slave trades to legitimate trade and the
subsequent decline in both the export and the import during that period
HOW THE EUROPEANS DID MANAGE TO CONQUER AFRICA
- They knew more about African politics, land and people thanks top explorers and
missionaries, merchants, etc. than African did know about Europe
2. Medical technolog- europeans less fearful about African diseases since the middle of
the 19th century
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Document Summary

Until 18th century, europe was not more advanced than asia and africa. 2 groups of factors set stage for modern economc growth and socio political change. 300 years between 14th and 17th centuries. # of europe geographical expansionism and # of renaissance and enlightment industrialization between 17th and 18th centuries (this is an important term: enlightment industrialization; it was a movement for many purposes) The enlightment led to the french revolution took place around 18th century in france; equality, freedom and justice. Then came the industrial revolution in 1758, a change in technology. European renaissance and enlightment - explasoipm of intellectual. Columbus arriving in the americas, there was a portugese that arrived in african post, When the english people came to africa many of the indigeneous people died as a result of diseases from the the europeans. There was little labor and then the africans were used to do the work.

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