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POL312Y1 Lecture Notes - Great Power, Military Alliance, Baby Boomers

Political Science
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Oct 11 2012
POL 312Y1 Canadian Foreign Policy
Prof. Greaves
Page 1
POL 312Y1 Canadian Foreign Policy
Lecture 6 Thursday, Oct 18, 2012
- The figure/stats used to observe Canada today in 1945 Canada had the 4th
largest armed force in the world. Went from the colony to a country with one
of the strongest army
- In 1945, we essentially Truman (US) and Churchill (UK) (a bit of help with
McKenzie King (Canada) and Stalin (Russia) came together and came with
the institutions that will govern the world war. They wanted to create
something that will prevent WW3. The impact it had on the composition of
how politics is practiced around today it is crucial because it is abour
redesigning such an important thing.
- UN had a lot of influence in this too. IMF and GAT were created, and also
NATO Military alliance that bound western world together. It shapes the
global world. We can see why it matters so much to Canada.
- The article this week (Stair) discussed 2 principals that underpinned the
Canadian goals, with respect to understanding if Canada was actually
o Middle power this is a new idea. After the war, Canada is in a weird
position because we were never in this type of situation. So we
pioneered the idea that could be another category of the state we
can have category of middle power that cannot compete with great
power but had assets that can be applied to international politics. We
need to be able to engage with these issues. This idea was for us to
acknowledge us that the great power will remain as it is, and we want
to carb out for ourselves. From middle power comes the second
principle of Canadian involvement: functional power
o Functional power says that state should be able to participate in
international decision making based on:
1. Relative interest in a particular problem area
2. Their power to help resolve the problem. This actually
expands from the idea that greet power makes all decisions, to
we also need to include the states that has a lot of interest in
such issues
- Contrast to 2 competing factors
o Europe great power, which kept it somewhat out of war.
League of nations failed to prevent WW2 partly because it
was organized around the idea that state is state everyone
had equal parts.
Great power and small powers have different interest, so they
cannot have the same opinions
Because of the new nuclear reality they realized that they
really had to get the prevention right this time.
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