POL312Y1 Lecture Notes - Turnitin
POL 312Y1 – Canadian Foreign Policy
Lecture 1 – Thursday, Sept 13, 2012
** Note: missed the first 3 minutes of class because I was not aware of the room
Prof would prefer first-name basis, he prefers to be called “Will”
There is more history to Canadian policy than foreign policy; there are both
major episodes that you will need to know.
We have the body of historical knowledge but they are not ongoing and in
some cases they may be historical in a sense that it is different compared to
other historical events, so you need to have the historical basis. He wishes to
gape in the distance of “midst of Canadian foreign policy” and the “reality”. So
he encourages you to discuss and feel free to disagree. He thinks there is a lot
of value in identifying the things we think we know and take for granted,
whether or not it corresponds to evidence. You may be surprised that the
things are actually very different from the popular imagination of what
Canada is. The history and present are 2 major components of this course.
The major theories of Canadian foreign policy. What we have here is the
facts. We can often talk about set of things that happened in the history. The
tools we use to make sense of history and facts are theories. We use theories
to explain facts and history; this is why theory seems abstract. We will be
doing theory in the beginning of the course, because it is the basic course that
we will use for the rest of the course. It might be boring in the beginning, but
nonetheless it will be only for a few weeks, then we will use that knowledge
for the rest of the course.
Developing university skill set – hopefully this will provide you useful way to
think, analyze, and question profoundly, because it matter to you, not anyone
We will use the Theories/Concepts and Theme/Issues together.
o There is a cannon of the CFP (Canadian Foreign Policy) in the
literature. That is the starting point of understanding of CFP.
o We need to put that understanding to the actual practice.
o Provides you with theory
o Provides with facts.
The two pillars together provide knowledge
Do the readings – you cannot meet the objectives if you don’t read. Lecture
does not replace the reading and vice versa. Reading is important.
This is a political science course – they deal with interesting subject matter.
Some people can feel compassionate about it. However, sometimes people
get carried away and take something personally. None of those are accepted
in the classrooms. We are welcome to disagree with each other but we need
to watch how we do it. It has to be professional.
o Phone should be off
o Do not in the class
o Punctuality – arrive/leave on time
Posted on Department of Political Science and Blackboard
o Midterm Quiz on November 1 2012
Covers theoretical portion
o Assignment 1 on November 29
o Assignment 2 Outline on February 14
o Assignment 2 on Class 24
o Final exam
o Average is 60-70’s at U of T.
Course Rules and Policies
o Make-up’s and extensions are possible but do not do it last minute. It
has to be an emergency. Tell the instructor as soon as you can.
Turnitin – he hasn’t decided if he will use it. It is software that
tells you if a student cheated in their work.
If you have trouble writing, then there might be an expectation
gap between what they expect of you and what you have, so he
will try to reduce that by having office hours.
o You will need to have Blackboard or else you are not properly
registered. You also need to make sure that you get emails from Prof;
if not, go talk to him.
o Readings – he tries to keep 4 readings per class and under 100 pages.
The pages count for themselves can be deceptive.
Different topics for each class
3: the most reading-heavy. We will go through 3 main approaches to CFP,
then criticism of those.
4 and 5: historical material.
7: trying to all issues of CFP. Last class before the quiz
8 through 12: prime minster by prime minister – who matters in class.
What is CFP?
He will ask you to write things down, and might even take them in.
The idea of this is subjective; there is no definite answer.
You need to deconstruct:
o What is Canadian?
It seems pretty obvious but it is not that easy to define.
o What is Foreign?
o What is Policy?
What is Canadian?
We are complex in many ways – it is out unique features that derive from
complexity. In every political science department they will always talk about
how specialized and unique they are. To a degree, it’s true. Not all countries
are equal in practicing global politics. In that sense we are significant
country. Then why does it matter if we are distinct? Working with this basis,
Canada has unique set of variable that define us as a country.
Prof shows a map – this map doesn’t clarify what CFP is. This will become
more apparent in later classes.
We were aboriginal, French, British, then multicultural. We usually invert
that order and tend to think of British Canada first. But we have Quebec and a
bit of French.
This chronology overlays with geography because geography is important to
the Canadian experience. Everywhere on this map of Canada, this land was
once all aboriginal. He mention aboriginal again because we were at one
point a colony and we are all immigrants unless you are an aboriginal.
Other than the pre-contact of European within the nation, what we consider
to be “modern” Northern American history deals with post-contact. New
Found Land is numerically the least populated and economically/politically
important – ironic because NFL is where post-contact history starts.
Canadian settlement went as south as they could, which is geographic and
ecological dynamic, because it is warmer.
o *** Error on the slide: should be: “post contact established east-to-
west and SOUTH-TO-NORTH”, not north-to-south.
Even though there had been a lot of transformation, that history keeps
making impact on where population is concentrated.
2nd largest country in the world
Canada-US border used to be the longest undefended border, but might not
be so anymore