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Hegel Lecture 1

Political Science
Course Code
Inder Marwah

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June 20, 2011
Extreme complexity of thought and use of language
Using paragraph citation in lectures not pages
Use addition right where indicated
Hegel rights about freedom and how the modern world allows you to realize is
almost completely
Modern world provides us with the institutions that allow us to be so, yet freedom
is a fairly complex idea
We cant achieve true freedom by being free from rules of institutions social ad
political but in fact with them
Them enable not inhibit our freedom
Shows realization of freedom in history as an achievement through time
History is a chart of development of human freedom, from being less capable of
actualizing and realizing our freedom to more/unfolding of human freedom
Hegel is also teleological writer, much stronger than Kants
Modern world is at the end of history and Hegels teleological ends
What makes us free?
Were free because we have a free will, its the root of our freedom/self-
Animals lack reflexivity, it simply is a being in the world/humans are not, we are
informed to ideas of what we want we live in ourselves existing in the world the way we
choose/thinking rational willing beings
We have agency and reflexivity
These ideas grounded in Rousseaus arguments in the Social Contract/only wih
reason can we move on from being animals/giving ourselves laws
Kant we can determine our motivation and actions on purely moral grounds
Hegel: we can use our will to create the will we want to create

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Shares Burkes concerns with community and place with here in now-actually
All societies have and ethical life a particular ethos, a world with its own laws,
traditions, morals, institutions from which we should not try to escape them
We do not live in an abstract world rather in a real material world, how can we
incorporate that world in our conceptions of freedom
Kants views have no realness to them they r one dimensional of rights, they dont
help us to see how we can actualize our freedom in the real world in our time and place
He take some from both Kant and Burke
rights do have to have a certain level of universality, it is what makes them a right
applying to all
conversely he thinks rights need to be actualized in the real world not just
metaphysically but in a given specific state not abstract universal ideals
in this he agrees with Burke
in order to have a real condition of right that is both real and particular and
universal in that they would be valid for all persons/and also become realized as laws of a
particular state in the real world
Family, marketplace and other social institutions are a necessary part of conditions
that allow to realize our rights and freedoms in the real world
Taking from Rousseau: we are inexorably social beings deeply, bound to live with
We can have freedoms that are social/inexorable sociality is the condition of our
From Kant: the importance of rational capacity/without this capacity as thinking
beings knowing we can create what we want we cant be free
From Burke: freedom is to be actualized in the social political ethical world that
we inhabit/importance of tradition
Freedom we have will be mediated through social and political institutions of our
Hegel is a great philosopher of reconciliation
Reconciling individual and collective freedom/ private will and public good/the
modern state enables us to reconcile these contradictory concepts
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