POL320Y1 Lecture Notes - Metanarrative, Existentialism, System On A Chip

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NIETZSCHE
GENEALOGY - the true genesis of morality and Christianity
1. What is a genealogy?
2. Slave morality and herd morality
3. Master morality
a. Grand master
b. Task master
c. Beyond good and evil
- Genealogy of Western morality
- The content has not really changed since ancient times
- Universality and egalitarian content
- Promise keeping and not lying
- The genesis of this
- His argument dev of morality is like a power play, those who are
suffering try to suppress the strong
- Plato ancient Greek ideals (celebration of strength) there is an intro of
universalist which is motivated by resentment of the heroic individual who
can stand above other peoples
- Equality reaction against the heroic morality of the ancient world
MODERN MORALITY
- Not just the content, but the idea of morality as it understood
- “Every morality… everything is permitted…” – he wants us to acknowledge
that morality is the set of rule which we impose, modern morality, by
definition, is universal if say X is good, X is good for everybody
- Wants us to think that there could be multiple moralities which are true
- If he is champion of any morality does the above hold?
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MASTER MORALITY
- Set of values which is true, not just his opinion, but is only relevant to a
certain group of people, most of all will not be able to live according to
discipline of master morality
- The problem of slave morality but most peoples should live under the
discipline under SM how much we are the same this gives hope to
those who are at the bottom
- The most important defining feature the motivation (the
dependence/independence) of the attitude
SLAVE MORALITY
- Slave Morality (modern ethics, Kant, dem, Ch) starts from identifying of
what is evil in the world, starts in negativity, interested in punishment and
showing what is immoral and identifying those peoples who are immoral,
born in negativity and projects out and creates an other and blames the
other for your predicament (being poor, unhappy, living in oppression)
this makes you feel better
The structure of blame
Is not good because it is not life affirmation
Born out of sickness and unhappiness
N is looking for something good
MASTER MORALITY
- Focuses on what is good
- Sounds general and empty, what is the actual content?
- Cannot judge yourself through others
- Have to be confident in what you are doing
- Someone like an artist
- What is the value of art
- Putting a urinal on the wall in a museum this is good because you want
to est new values and start a new conversation
- What would this urinal thing be like for philosophy? Nietzsche himself?
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THE NEW MORALITY
1. Reevaluation of all values (what is it good for)
2. Creative, life affirming, noble, strong
3. Dionysian (not Apollonian)
4. Amor fati
WE HAVE TO EVALUATE VALUES
- What is good for? What does it do for us? For the good of the world?
- Stepping back and looking who benefits form these values
- One of the answers the values we have are beneficial to most ppl
- What if the cost that it is costly to special individuals, who are then seen as
immoral and problematic, their abilities are hemmed in by the new
morality, want sot step back and questions
- Talks about NAPOLEON did not always follow conventional morality
CREATIVE STRENGTH OF NEW MORALITY
- Luther “here I stand I can do no other”
- This would be a part of the new morality
THERE IS STILL NOT A LOT OF CONTENT
- If we want to live beyond good and evil
- How would we do this?
- Introduces a “weird” doctrine the doctrine of eternal recurrence
- Eternal recurrence the world we live in repeats itself over and over again
- You do not come back as someone difference, you come back exactly as
you are and the exactly thing happens to you
- You must live your life such as that if you lived this life over and over again
you would feel happy, you would look forward to live your life over
- New morality should be joyous and life affirming, position, non resentful
- Part of this is exercising your will and strength confidence, strength,
decision and will
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Document Summary

Genealogy - the true genesis of morality and christianity: what is a genealogy, slave morality and herd morality, master morality, grand master, task master, beyond good and evil. The content has not really changed since ancient times. His argument dev of morality is like a power play, those who are suffering try to suppress the strong. Plato ancient greek ideals (celebration of strength) there is an intro of universalist which is motivated by resentment of the heroic individual who can stand above other peoples. Equality reaction against the heroic morality of the ancient world. Not just the content, but the idea of morality as it understood. Every morality everything is permitted he wants us to acknowledge that morality is the set of rule which we impose, modern morality, by definition, is universal if say x is good, x is good for everybody. Wants us to think that there could be multiple moralities which are true.

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