POL320Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Governorate Of Estonia, Northern Transylvania, Romanianization

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Tuesday, October 9, 2018
Ethnic Minorities of Europe
Op-ed
-Should not have footnotes
-The first sentence is important -> make you continue reading
1989
-Goals of 1989 by EU
Build new institutions
New constitutional courts
Promised ethnic tolerance
Promised rapid economic reform
-Shock therapy
-Pay a really high price at the beginning with hopes that they wouldn’t be as high
later on
Establish competitive political systems
-The ones who did so at the very beginning along with shock therapy saw long-
term success
Countries with historical experiences of democracy did so better
-Those with other norms saw different transitions that were a bit harder
Nationalism
Reject shock therapy and go for gradual economic transformation
-Retain some aspects of old social system and keep dubious forms of
privatization
-Why go for the EU transformation
Needed it otherwise financially worse
-Needed FDIs, so they needed to attach themselves to the EU
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Tuesday, October 9, 2018
-Many FDIs came from Germany
-Wanted to know their investments would be protected by courts (local and EU)
Wanted to make conditions for the mobility of their population
-Prior to 1989 there were strong visa regimes
-People wanted labour mobility
-EU benefits for the transformation
Wanted to avoid interwar scenario
They wanted access to cheap labour and markets
-FDIs went to those who transitioned the fastest
-EU was open to new members (membership wasn’t codified at this point)
-Copehagen criteria
Free market
Minority rights
Rule of law
-EU wants to integrate these people, but on their own terms
-First message: must create the basis for regional cooperation without the incentive for
us
Sustainable regional cooperation that is done by the Central Europeans and not the
EU
-Visegrad (in Hungary)
Central Europeans showing that they can get along
-EU will ask Visegrad and others to sign bilateral treaties with each state
To recognize that borders are not changeable
Alleged historical grievances are water under the bridge
-EU must have a legal contractual agreement with member states
Europe Agreements
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Document Summary

The rst sentence is important -> make you continue reading. Goals of 1989 by eu: build new institutions, new constitutional courts, promised ethnic tolerance, promised rapid economic reform. Pay a really high price at the beginning with hopes that they wouldn"t be as high later on: establish competitive political systems. The ones who did so at the very beginning along with shock therapy saw long- term success: countries with historical experiences of democracy did so better. Those with other norms saw different transitions that were a bit harder: nationalism, reject shock therapy and go for gradual economic transformation. Retain some aspects of old social system and keep dubious forms of privatization. Why go for the eu transformation: needed it otherwise nancially worse. Needed fdis, so they needed to attach themselves to the eu. Wanted to know their investments would be protected by courts (local and eu) Tuesday, october 9, 2018: wanted to make conditions for the mobility of their population.

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