Period refers to cultural ideas and literary ideas, philosophical ideas and political ideas. Participants in the enlightenment thought of themselves living in the enlightenment. *****enlightenment themes****** (think about this for the exam!!) 18th c as an age of reason: voltaire-1759, rousseau-1760, adam smith-1776, kant-1785, Reason: first difference is that everyone to use their own reason. Its generalized rationalism: reason functions the same way for all human beings. (fundamental principle) doesn"t matter where you are born. But its not the same conclusion but in principle there are something called human reason". Everyone use reason will solve problems: using one"s own reason, one is liberated, from ignorance (enlightenment): reason will give good answers to moral, scientific questions. They had negative influence so they want you to be your own person. Encourage to use reason: from the past: liberates you from the past. Enlightenment says that you can break the change of your past.