POL326Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Triangular Trade, European Colonialism, Unilateralism

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Published on 17 Apr 2013
School
UTSG
Department
Political Science
Course
POL326Y1
POL326Y1- Lecture 6- October 16, 2012
The United States has represents a rejection of European colonialism exemplified by the revolution, this
is partially true.
Understanding the nature of the colonialism which created the US and understanding that rejection we
must make reference to the work of Emmauel Wallerstein… ‘World Systems Theory’
Since 1492 the globe has been functioning as a world system, this is concluded by applying
systems theory to social science and economics
Systems theory: complex entity elements are interconnected…changes ultimately transform the
entire whole
o In world history this did not exist til 1492, prior to that humans lived in distinct entities
with small connections…actions in one part of the world had no impact on the other
part of the world (Collapse of the Chinese dynasty did not affect Western European
empire)
o This changed as trade increased…trade routes were established with exposure to
products of other cultures
o Trade routes led to the discovery of new lands and the discovery transformed the
Western hemisphere and the rest of the world staring with Western Europe
Important contributor to the industrial revolution in Western Europe
o Wallerstein: colonialism was best understood as a search by European societies for
lands that were rich enough to be exploited but weak enough to be dominated…Eastern
societies were too hard to dominate
Western Hemisphere was the ‘jackpot’ it was difficult to dominate East Asian
and India because they had developed societies, Africa had diseases that
Europeans had no immunity too. The advantage the Euros had in the western
hemisphere is that they were ‘dirtier’ (literally) therefore over generations they
developed sorts of immunities that westerners did not have…within first period
of contact 85-95% of westerners died and their civilizations had collapsed when
the Europeans came to conquer their resources
o ‘Chain reaction of industrialization’ merchants got around the guilds through putting out
system: peasants households were inefficient, work hard only during harvest time they
were ideal during winter months. Consequently they introduced technological division
of labour in which the peasants who did not have skills did not require them necessarily,
just be able to complete the individual steps…mechanical loop, jenny spinner, sewing
machine. Increasing mechanism pressure to create factory which needed a power
source (water wheels, treadmills)
Colonialism changed for the Portuguese and Spanish (as a reaction to the exhaustive power of
plundering) Too many nobles, however there is no legal right to divide property therefore Latin
American served as land given to the lesser nobles who were not the eldest son. This allowed
for the colonizers to create plantations under the authority of the noble and develop a triangle
trade
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Document Summary

The united states has represents a rejection of european colonialism exemplified by the revolution, this is partially true. Understanding the nature of the colonialism which created the us and understanding that rejection we must make reference to the work of emmauel wallerstein world systems theory". Since 1492 the globe has been functioning as a world system, this is concluded by applying systems theory to social science and economics. Systems theory: complex entity elements are interconnected changes ultimately transform the entire whole. Western hemisphere and the rest of the world staring with western europe. Western hemisphere was the jackpot" it was difficult to dominate east asian and india because they had developed societies, africa had diseases that. Chain reaction of industrialization" merchants got around the guilds through putting out system: peasants households were inefficient, work hard only during harvest time they were ideal during winter months.

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