POL326Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Human Security, Western Bloc, Colombo Plan

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7 Dec 2017
School
Course
September 26th, 2017 - Lecture 3:
Dr. Leah
Office hours moved to Thursday
Holmes piece **
John Holmes part of what is considered the golden era of CFP
LI and middle powermanship are very key in CFP
Key to consider outside perceptions of Canada when studying CFP
Middle power is instinctively conflated with realism, capabilities, hard power, military
capabilities, no supranational system of government
Structural realism is also inherently related, the IS is structured in a certain way and that
determines some of the makeup of CFP, Cold-War repercussions and fallout have an effect as
well
CFP = foreign policy behaviour, making CFP a sub-aspect of IR!
Describe, explain, predict is the goal of a theoretical perspective...what does the action
mean/why was it done/what will they do in the future?
Understand why states behave the way the do in the international realm...goal of CFP
Also want to understand why states allocate resources the way the do, policy makers have to
decide how resources are to be used
Hierarchies, and the info they are predicated on, are changing
Kirkton lays out the 7 basic question that are fundamental to understanding the way in
which a state acts in the world
In reading notes **
Rank, associations, activity, world order approach, external determinants; how the IS
effects them, domestic/societal determinants
Consider great debates as well, also helpful in understanding FP behaviour...7 great debates,
each of which correspond to a diff. period in CAN history
Questions of identity and national unity, national interest as well...what is in our national
interest?
Three logics regarding state behaviour and the rationale for it; major, middle, minor
This theory codifies how these powers behave in the world
Enable scholars to explain more analytically or predict state FP behaviour
Focus of each of the theories is material sources of power, evolution of thinking to beyond
material sources (Nye’s soft power)
Most scholars recognize that behaviour or a country cannot only be placed under one umbrella/
theory, need all three to present a complete picture
Some, like Prof. K, feel that Canada is a great power, or a formalist power; vast amount
of natural resources
Some state that great/major powers are more willing to be involved in foreign affairs;
more opportunities to do so, more to gain and more to lose by not participating
Major powers can make decisions on their own and do not necessarily have to collaborate
with others to effect change
Have more of an effect on international institutions and laws, can effect which become
norms that are embedded in international society
Major powers are less concerned with and influenced by external determinants, more
concerned with how to achieve their interests abroad
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