•problematic because defending national interests*(US companies and markets) by overthrowing
alli and implementing cous gvmt. alternative view is that outcome of this in long term is that the
US is now associated with gvmt that is seen as illegitimate by its own people.
•Relationship with groups and complex triangles (military/industry/scientific). describes
relations between groups, industries, universities, military in executive branch. numerous
complexes that involve revolving door in policy making. banking-revolving door between
executives and government.
•military/industry complex** - locke martin corporation, primarily supplier of government.
makes military equipment, and administering census in US, administering election.problematic
that it depends on government contracts for its income that in tern spends research and dvlpmt
money in universities and they contributed 12million to campaigns in last elections.thus tax
payers are going into corporation that spends money on elections to shape them to their benefit.
not the only company that is involved in this military industrial complex. in current context, in
trying to fix markets which requires cutting defense budget but corporations obviously make it
impossible to cut defense budget, as it is matter of employment not just defense.
•rather important in understanding US FP in 6 ways:
•1. most americans depend on news for information on national and international affairs, and
thus shapes foreign policy.
•2. provide information on fp issues
•3. coverage tends to be rather disjointed and lacks context (historical).
•4. tendency to homogenize international coverage and create centrist picture consistent with US
foreign policy and consistent with us political culture.
•5. media influenced by politics; but cyclical relationship as it influences politics itself. it is
influenced by politics because it is a business-driven enterprise that has changed over time
significantly. used to have heterogeneous media as it was more fragmented then and tied to
specific interests. changed in early 20thC in large part by William Randolf Hearst who was first
media business man who came up with idea of undermining other papers by sticker price, could
charge far less for his papers because he could attract advertisers. thus much independent media
eliminated. that is a problem because often they cater to groups with higher income and their
preferences of intl affairs and so on...ie. new york times strong upper class bias and more
conservative approach to FP. advertising shapes editorial policies of newspapers, cant be highly
critical of corporations if trying to get ads from them.
•6. concentration of news business as a whole. few diversity in coverage because everything is
owned by the same groups. no longer investigative force
•** build up to iraq war, few questions asked about justified information, even though there were
numerous reasons to doubt information . wmd significant doubt, UN heavily doubted it.. hard
pressed to find that in any of US media. NY times heavily involved , judith miller spread falsities
about wmd. and they thus apologized
•in context of 9/11 thought not in there interest to be too critical of bush administration and his
views on war of terror. concentration of ownership have other important interests that shape their