Analysis of the role of history / culture using the concepts (path dependence, critical junctures, institutions, cultural determinism, memory politics) The privilege: part officials / intelligentsia / special workers. Eventually was able to turn the war around. Khrushchev presented himself as unassuming, unintelligent, not a threat. 1957: sputnik 1 - first artificial earth satellite. 12 april 1961 - yuri gagarin - first human to journey into outer space. 1962 - publication of ne day of the life of ivan denisovich by alexander solzhenitsyn. Trust in cadres (bureaucrats, people of all parties) Old men passing through rule, constant funerals / death. Popular in ussr and abroad - most popular politician in world history for his period. Revitalizing communism, bringing the party back to leninism. Idealist, true believer in communism / socialism - all he wanted was to promote this. Mechanisms (how did factor x lead to the outcome y) Ethnic mobilization and the collapse of the soviet union.