Class Notes (904,110)
CA (538,125)
UTSG (45,701)
POL373H1 (8)
R.Kinston (3)
Lecture 5

Lecture 5-6

6 Pages
146 Views

Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL373H1
Professor
R.Kinston

This preview shows pages 1-2. Sign up to view the full 6 pages of the document.
LEC04 – Oct.05 (Aristotle and Stoics)
I. Introduction
II. Aristotle on Emotion (in the light of Plato)
III.Stoics
I. Introduction
We will be looking at:
Aristotle takes into the context in understanding what emotions are. Categorized
emotions (dichotomy between positive/negative emotions) and how we value each
category of emotions. .What they consider to be the most important key factors of
emotions and how they define emotions. Prototype emotions (or ‘basic emotions).
We want to see how the emotions play their roles in our social, political life.
Aristotle and Stoics (Common)
Both had similar approaches in terms of dividing the souls from the body (the rational
and the a-rational)1
What they provide for us is to argue that these sorts of actions and behaviors have their
source within ourselves. Therefore, we are responsible for our emotions. So you’re
responsible for your emotions and characters, but it is not always possible to take control
of them.
II. Aristotle:
3 parts of soul in terms of orientations. (Spirit, Desire,)
Each of these parts in Plato have both rational and emotional parts in this sense. In other
words, for the petitive parts to acknowledge something, there has to be a certain
rationality processing.
E.g. The spirit part of soul has a certain aspect of rationality – certain knowledge at
work (in terms of defining and recognizing the virtue and vice.)
Its emotions that have been subject to regime for Aristotle.
Emotions draw both from the a-rational and rational parts of the soul. The way he
describes it in the Rhetoric is to suggest that emotions are feeling accompanied by
changes in judgment. (p.91)
Q: if emotions participate in the a-rational part, how is it different from feeling hungry?
A: Emotions are like-feeling hungry. Difference between hunger and appetite is that
feelings of hunger is never judged as reasonable. Emotional intensity can be judged
by others within certain parameters according to standards of reasonableness,
whereas non-emotional intensity (e.g. pain) is not.
1 Note: distinction between non-rational and a-rational. Non-rational contains against while a-
ratioal is more a neutral term.
www.notesolution.com
These emotions have to do with education rather than biological factors.
Aristotles notion of virtuous person is one that has good characters that come from
emotions. So he has high standards of which emotions are good and which characters
make one a virtuous person accordingly. Good characters can be attained through
training and education. Virtue, in other word, is a state of characters. Our dispositions
have to regulate our emotional state.
What is Rhetoric for Aristotle?
Rhetoric is defined as knowledge of means of persuasion.
What hes trying to do hereis to arguably provide alternative account of higher moral
standards.
He is looking for what is appropriate or inappropriate appeal to emotion in political
speech. So its not just about whether or not you persuade one, but about you persuade
him in the right way.
3 types of speeches:
a) speeches made at the court; b) speeches made deliberately in politics; c)
speeches commemorating people
3 types of logics in giving a speech:
a) appeal through logic; b) appeal through characters (ethos) of the
individual giving the speech; c) appeal to emotion
You have to know who you are as a speaker, know the audience and the regime. Practical
judgment that is at play in speech-making. This is why it is key to understanding the
public setting.
All these add up to analytic understanding of emotions
So how do we know the appropriateness?
Appeals to emotion that has nothing to do with the subject of the speech are just wrong.
According to Aristotle, good emotional appeals are relevant to the situations and
question and one that takes consideration all those factors (in the types of logics). Being
able to read your audience properly.
E.g. Anger is something that we focus on individuals rather than in general state of
affairs.
Discussion of Fear:
Class Analysis: Those who are in conditions of comfortable life and prosperity and those
who had already gone through and have been immune to all the danger tend not to fear
as much as the middle class people.
Another interesting point; In situation of fear, individuals will think more to avoid the
evil in the hope of it can be avoided.
Contemporary behavioural theorist Marcus argues: anxiety actually increases
reflective citizenships, contributing to the making of democratic state.
Discussion of Pity (compassion):
What is essential to pity for Aristotle is that you will only pity someone if you can
identify the suffer of that person in relation to you.
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
LEC04 Oct.05 (Aristotle and Stoics) I. Introduction II.Aristotle on Emotion (in the light of Plato) IIIStoics I. Introduction We will be looking at: Aristotle takes into the context in understanding what emotions are. Categorized emotions (dichotomy between positivenegative emotions) and how we value each category of emotions. .What they consider to be the most important key factors of emotions and how they define emotions. Prototype emotions (or basic emotions). We want to see how the emotions play their roles in our social, political life. Aristotle and Stoics (Common) Both had similar app1oaches in terms of dividing the souls from the body (the rational and the a-rational) What they provide for us is to argue that these sorts of actions and behaviors have their source within ourselves. Therefore, we are responsible for our emotions. So youre responsible for your emotions and characters, but it is not always possible to take control of them. II.Aristotle: 3 parts of soul in terms of orientations. (Spirit, Desire,) Each of these parts in Plato have both rational and emotional parts in this sense. In other words, for the petitive parts to acknowledge something, there has to be a certain rationality processing. E.g. The spirit part of soul has a certain aspect of rationality certain knowledge at work (in terms of defining and recognizing the virtue and vice.) Its emotions that have been subject to regime for Aristotle. Emotions draw both from the a-rational and rational parts of the soul. The way he describes it in the Rhetoric is to suggest that emotions are feeling accompanied by changes in judgment. (p.91) Q: if emotions participate in the a-rational part, how is it different from feeling hungry? A: Emotions are like-feeling hungry. Difference between hunger and appetite is that feelings of hunger is never judged as reasonable. Emotional intensity can be judged by others within certain parameters according to standards of reasonableness, whereas non-emotional intensity (e.g. pain) is not. 1 Note: distinction between non-rational and a-rational. Non-rational contains against while a- ratioal is more a neutral term. www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit