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Lecture 3

POL380Y1 Lecture 3: Week 3

5 Pages

Political Science
Course Code
Lilach Gilady

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Week 3: International Security Thursday January 19, 2017 Inter group conflict 1 type is ethnic group conflict. It has a puzzle bc its a inevitable competition bw groups so bc we are driven by needs of selfesteem that sometimes operate through groups then we naturally bond w the group. But we dont always fight other groups and no conflict, but other times it does The ethnic conflict puzzle How can we explain carrying patterns of ethnic cooperation conflict over space and time? ~Some ethnic groups get along, others do not ~Some ethnic groups cooperate for long periods and then experience conflict (or vice versa) ~Some conflicts are relatively peaceful, others are bloody Some groups who have a deep hate w each other makes it difficult to explain why sometimes they get along w each other Reading from last week they look at 2 more ethnic groups that live in the same area. Count each year that they interacted w each other, and see how many times they were in conflict w each other. How many places we should have seen conflict, and places we actually saw ethnic conflict. They found that must of the time they get along and dont fight, so what explains the rare times when there is actually conflict? Why ethnic conflict? Puzzle: ethnic differences are relatively constant. Conflict isnt (it doesnt happen a lot) Every time that we see scarcity in jobs, resources, political vote we should see conflict, if we think that is what starts conflict. But if that was the case then we should see conflict more, which we dont so that cannot explain it When we have a shift in the balance of power (1 group is too strong) this is the moment of change, then we are going to see violence Segregated groups in which kids grow up in these areas and think in those ways. Its called contact hypothesis bc once you interact w those different from you, then you begin to see the same things as you. So this change can desegregating across ethnic lines Tensions of why suddenly things go down hill, and conflict happens Majority group put to the side by the colonial power will want revenge once the colonial power leaves Empirical evidence is not always clear to show what is to blame for the conflict Fearon and Latinin article (used the prisoners dilemma as an a example) ~External enforcement (the state) or internal policing (social institutions). ~In anarchy there is a chance that the other side can fall through on their agreement, we all remain silent bc we dont want to be the one who is exploited so fail to cooperate even when cooperation is in our mutual benefit. The problem w this prisoner dilemma is that their best bet is to cooperate but they but fear that the other wont. So this condition is the prisoner dilemma
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