POL469H1 Lecture Notes - Capability Approach, Child Labour, World Social Forum
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Lecture outline Oct 17
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- How we frame an issue is structurally and historically conditioned
- Many countries have not been able to break out of structural constraints imposed on them
- Importance of understanding history: looking at modernization, dependency theory
- Amartya Sen- rethink development as more than just economic growth, focus on individual freedoms
- Civil society organization
- Philanthropic organization- trying to play the part of a development actor, changing the landscape of
Health and development
- How health can be better understood from the perspective of capability?
- Our understanding today is colored by our understanding of the past
- Relationship between development and health?
- Health is a messy concept!
- What is health? Student definitions: Physical and medical well-being, lack of disease, holistic being:
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- Definition of health as lack of disease is parallel to the definition of poverty as lack of wealth fallacies.
These definitions have policy implications
- How the definition of health has changed over time?
- What are the social determinants of health? We think of things as separate.
- Drug targets specific condition, provides solution to problem although a condition can be a result of a
complex set of factors
- Looking at the social context, the political and economic environment and their role in the population’s
health and individuals
Health is not simply a medical but also a social and human rights issue
- Corporations are playing a part as development actors
- Coca cola as a global brand that has an ability to reach almost every part of the world.
- The Global Fund- public private partnerships (many organizations participate in it): contribute a lot of
money towards finding cures for wide spread diseases in Africa
- Enlisting Coca Cola because it has access to almost every part of the world. They have the networks,
people, computer networks, good inventory tracking systems.
What are the positive/negative things about the Global Funds collaboration with Coke? Coke
distributing medicine when distributing their product
- Coke goes only to places where they can sell their products
- Box of medicine, needles – how does it get to the people if there is no medical personnel? Assumption
that getting the medicine there will fix the problem, but what about the infrastructure of administering
- Technical solution: trying to solve a wrong problem
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