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Lecture 9

POL305Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Shining Path, Alberto Fujimori

Political Science
Course Code
Roberta Rice

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Video Fire in the Mind
El Salvador
-joined guerrilla movements as a response to the failure of peaceful protest and to
attempting changing through parliamentary measures
-FMLN coalition of 5 guerilla groups
-the example of Cuba arms could bring change where other methods had changed
-Cuba provided support to FMLN
-the success of Sandinistas in Nicaragua
-US poured billions into economic aid into El Salvador
-US perceptions that FMLN revolutionaries “Tougher” – would implement a cuba style
-US trying to make an example out of El Salvador
-roll back Soviet and Cuban example
-Radio Vencemeros a key voice for the FMLN
-the Church
-some elements openly supported the guerrillas
-but some elements supported a negotiated solution condemned the atrocities
committed by both sides
-first serious attempt at negotiation by newly eelected President Duartes
-failed…military backed by U.S refused to compromise
-November 1989 the FLMN “final offensive”
-called for a popular uprising hoping to win a military victory
-75, 000 people dead, and a million people displaced
Shining Path
-Peru a “country in trouble”
-variety of governments democratic civilian, military autocratic
-1980 Shining Path first took up arms
-highlights of Ayacucho
-rejected democracy called for a radical restructuring of Peruvian society
-communist state (Maoism)
-Abimael Guzman known as presidente Gonzalo
-view revolutionary violence as a necessity
-core to their strategy and ideology
-strategy of violence very polarizing
-further polarized a deeply divided society
-high rate of disappearances in the late 1980s
-U.S involvement as a part of their War on Drugs
-Alberto Fujimori U.S backed President took on dictatorial authority
II The FMLN and Shining Path Comparison
Key Events El Salvador
-1932: La Matanza (The Slaughter)
-an indigenous peasant uprising is met by severe repression from the state
-led by Agustin Farabundo marti
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