POL305Y1 Lecture Notes - Quarter Session, Lower Canada, Main Source
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POL 306 Lec. 2 Mon. July 9th BA 1210
Walked in 15mins late
What I missed…
o There are 4 parts:
Intro to problem, articulation of clear Q, rationale/significance of study, justification for the
cases selected, structural outline of paper/how it would look, working Q/hypothesis
Strong research Q based on particular trend, development, or outcome in social world that is someone at
odds with what one might expect
o E.g. Interesting variation b/w 2 similar cases
o Should lead towards explanatory analysis instead of descriptive or normative for polisci papers,
should lead towards a debate
Rationale/Significance of Study
o Why is the topic important/worth examining?
o From a theoretical standpoint
Combines new and interesting literatures to shed light on a particular theoretical debate
Build on existing theory in the area
o From a practical/empirical standpoint
Extends the analysis to new empirical contexts (e.g. another comparable city)
Important policy implications
Topic Example 1
o Title: Waterfront Politics: An Analysis of How Multilevel Governance Arrangements Shape
Redevelopment Projects in Toronto and Chicago
o Intro to problem/puzzle: 2 cities that share a number of similarities (justification of cases), but vastly
different approaches to the redevelopment of their waterfront spaces
o Statement of the RQ: What explains the failure of Toronto’s waterfront to follow Chicago’s example?
o Sketch of how the analysis will unfold: Argument/analysis will be developed in # parts – e.g.
theoretical framework, contextual background, presentation of case studies and application of
framework, concluding comments
o Significance of proposed study:
Topic Example 2
o Title: Local Leadership Matters: a study of immigration policy in 2 canadian cities
o Intro: Importance of immig trends in recent yrs and the role of immig-receiving municipalities.
Despite an overarching policy on multiculturalism, considerable variation in programs and services
designed/delivered to immigrant propos in diff Canadian cities, e.g.
o RQ: What explains the variation in the “responsiveness” of Canadian municipalities to social
o Analysis: The study will be divided into # parts. Brief description of each part.
o Sig: recent research focuses on specific cases, add to this by extending the analysis to 2 new cities.
Add empirial support to arg of Good and others
This is an empirical study but draw on some body of theoretical literature to explain. E.g. for patterns of
ecoic devt or ecoc growth you may want to turn to literature on ecoc clusters
o Look at academic literature, the readings, for ideas on theoretical framework to use
o You may simply incorporate key concepts e.g. path dependency
Topic Example 3
o The “New Deal” for Cities movement: “Rescaling Canadian intergovtal relations to include a greater
role for urban municips
o Much discussion about demoic deficit in canadan’s intergovtal relations ysste. Also renewed interest
in the role and plight of cities. New deal movement. Cities are back on the policy agenda…
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o To what extent would “rescaling” the federation to give urban municipalities a greater role enhance
or undermine democracy in canada’s system of intergovtal relations?
Writing an Annotated Bibliography (5-8 lines/sentences; 2 should fit on each page; be brief, clear, concise)
o Demonstrates the breadth and scope of the research done thus far
V. imp in demonstrating how far we’ve got
o An alphabetical list of research sources
o Provides complete bibliographical details
o But also a concise summary of each source and some assessment of its value and relevance to the
development of your own work
Selecting Sources (for Annotated Biblio)
o Define the scope of research so you can decide which sources to incl/excl
What is your problem/puzzle? Research Q?
o Material: peer-reviewed academic books, articles, govt reports, policy statements
o Incl. source that are key/seminal studies on the topic. (Keep an eye out for studies that are
frequently referenced in other related journals/books)
Sumarizing the Arg of a Source (for Annotated Biblio)
o I.D. main arg, RQ, or hypothesis
o Methods used, main findings
o Evaluate strengths/weaknesses, relate it to other work in the field,
o Demonstrate how/when the source will be used in your work e.g. contributes to the theoretical
foundations or empirical data on a particular aspect of the problem
THE RELEVENCE IS VERY IMPORTANT. Why you chose this piece and not another. How you
will use the source and why? Theoretical evidence? Empirical evidence? Interesting framing
of RQ? Methods of analysis?
Reference should not be double-spaced, although it’s not a big deal. Make it look clear is all.
Lecture 2: The Historical and Institutional Foundations of Local Government in Canada
Early municipal govts in Canada largely evolved in response to the settlement of the country
o As pop increased and became concentrated in a few urban centres during the early yrs, it was
necessary to find a way of administering the growing # of programs and responsibilities
o Pop scattered across vast land mass + basic communications and transpo made it difficult for the
centralized colonial govt to handle
o Municipal govt in Canada has largely evolved in response to the settlement pattern of immigrants
Historical Foundations: Critical Dates and Developments
o Form of local govt influenced by the pol`l values/traditions of the settlers
o Missed a bunch
Local govt mde its 1st real appearance in Canada under the French regime in settlements of Mtl, Quebec,
o As early as 1657 a mayor, councillors elected in Quebec
o Local self govt was strongly discouraged by home govt in France, seen as a dangerous innovation
o Whole isse of local self-govt lapsed for more than 100yrs until 1760s and advent of British rule
Early 1800s, new waves of immigration, mostly in Upper Canada (Ontario)
o Pop growth lef to pressures for local self-govt
o Creation of elected police board by the Upper Canadian legislature
o Assumed local govt responsibilities poreviously taken care of by Courts of Quarter Sessions
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