What i missed : there are 4 parts: Intro to problem, articulation of clear q, rationale/significance of study, justification for the cases selected, structural outline of paper/how it would look, working q/hypothesis. Strong research q based on particular trend, development, or outcome in social world that is someone at odds with what one might expect: e. g. Interesting variation b/w 2 similar cases: should lead towards explanatory analysis instead of descriptive or normative for polisci papers, should lead towards a debate. Rationale/significance of study: why is the topic important/worth examining, from a theoretical standpoint. Combines new and interesting literatures to shed light on a particular theoretical debate. Build on existing theory in the area: from a practical/empirical standpoint. Extends the analysis to new empirical contexts (e. g. another comparable city) Topic example 1: title: waterfront politics: an analysis of how multilevel governance arrangements shape. Topic example 2: title: local leadership matters: a study of immigration policy in 2 canadian cities.