Class Notes (808,754)
Canada (493,378)
JPA331Y1 (32)

2012-10-30_Lecture # 8-The Tank Man Documentary.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Lynette Ong

Ernie Tam 2012-10-30 Lecture # 8-The Tank Man Documentary Tiananmen Square  What happened to tankman?  Tiananmen Square is the largest public square In the world and created on inhuman spaceReflects how small you really are.  Soldiers and policemen demand papers and authorities are not afraid of foreigners or anyone. There are cameras everywhere  In June 3rd, the Square was a warzone. The PLA forced themselves into Beijing with orders to converge on the Square. The students faced tanks, soldiers, and soldiers armed with semi automatic weapons.  The “tankman” changed the world esp. the Russian Revolution.  Aprilstudent demonstrations started. People thought that the old regime was about to fall. For the first time, the press was reporting everything freely. It moved across the country and uprisings started right across the country.  From these cities, hundreds and thousands of supporters converged on the capital.  The movement from student to worker uprising scared the CCP. Student uprisings were what parties could handle but when it evolved into worker uprising, they were terrified of losing power.  There was infighting between crackdown vs. peaceful negotiation.  Li Peng advocated for a hardliner crackdown. (Martial law) Soldiers (300 000) were used and Beijing’s response surprised many people  The citizens surrounded the tanks and they could not go forward into Tiananmen Square.  The citizens brought their children to talk to soldiers. These soldiers were not experienced with big city life. They did not want to hurt anyone  4 days after the attempted entry, they withdrew to the outskirt bases. Beijing lost face and they feared the entire communist movement was going to collapse just like Soviet Union. o They have to make a bloody stand to make a statement. rd  Deng Xiaopeng sent in armed troops into the districts. On the night of June 3 , the huge invasion force coming from all directions with LIVE ammunition. o The Square has to be cleared by 6 am.  Armed personnel began to ram the buses, soldiers started to fire on the people. o Armies used bullets that would split into upon impact (shrapnel) and causes extreme damage.  By 4:15 a.m. the lights went out and a choice was to be made. Either die or clear the streets (army’s proposal)  In the morning, the parents wanted to go back into the square to look for their children. But the army stopped and shot them. o Soldiers shot everyone: doctors, nurses, etc… o Shooting down nonviolent students o The message was to shock and scare the citizens Ernie Tam 2012-10-30 th  By June 5 , the square was cleared and the “tankman” made his defiant act then.  China television produced executed people as hooligans, counter revolutionists etc….  After 1989, Deng Xiaopeng halted political reform but NOT economic reform. (there are two doors: Politics and economics). o Open the economics door and be prosperous. o Open the politics door, you will run into the state  Intimidate opposition (Do not challenge the party) but on the other hand, you can be successful.  “Social Contract” and “Deal with the Devil”- To not return to the events of 1989/not hold the government responsible for those events in exchange for a chance to be successful  There are many people who are still in poverty and are not successful in the new industries. Two Chinas  China Abig city and businessmen, shanghai, and are modern. Rise of criminal organizations. These are all problems of the rich and richer countries  China BDeveloping China which is vast majority of country. Still very poor and thanks to economic zones, these people face problems in developing countries (low education, lack of water, not enough economic resources)  System of contradiction o Fast modern subways vs. villagers  Under the collective system back then, the peasants were not allowed to sell crops. The state has granted freedom for agriculture so their income has increased BUT education/healthcare was taken away o There were school fees, heating fees, etc… that are need to be paid in order for access to healthcare/education. o State gives on one hand but TAKES on the other  What is in the mind of China’s leader? o Is it to make China a powerful country in the eyes of the world or bring real change to citizens?  The sons and daughters of peasantry are sent off to find work in industrial zones.  40 000 migrants work in the city of Chein chuen. Cities are designed to be specialized. (one city make toothbrush, toothpaste etc…)  Factory employers like to hire young people because they can work faster. When they recruit, they look at the health of workers. o 7
More Less

Related notes for JPA331Y1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.