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JPA331Y1 LEC OCT 16.docx

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Political Science
Lynette Ong

OCT 16, 2012 JPA331Y1: ELITE POLITICS Four Generation of Chinese Leaders st  1 Gen. Leaders (1949-76): Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, Lin Biao, Liu Shaoqi, Peng Denhaui o The beginning of the PRC (People’s Republic of China) o Started off as Guerrilla fighters o Not educated but brought experience 1. Those who fought for and with the country 2. Followers and loyalty towards Chairman Mao nd 3. Background: prestige  2 Gen. (1976-92): Deng Xiaoping, Zhao Ziyang, Hu Yaobang, and Chen Yun. o After the death of Mao o Revolution of politics o Move away from ideology to pragmatism—practice  Ideology no longer a form of legitimacy  Deng established the central commission for discipline inspection (CDIC)—first line of defense to investigate misconduct of party members: but Party leader I the boss of the head of CDIC| Career risk. o “Practice as the sole of criterion of truth”  “White cat, Black cat… it is a good cat as long as it catches mice.” o Party relinquished its privileged claim to truth o Performance legitimacy o Rise of the technocrats  Professional—leaders were open to technocrat o Dynamics During Deng’s era: Economic conservatives vs. reformers o Winner take all mentality o Tiananmen incident o Seeking improvement and betterment. o Gradually began to ask for democracy, seeking solutions for day to say problems. o Boost to the power of conservative faction of CCP o # Of Zhao’s supporters were removed after the crack for at Tiananmen o Purging of Zhao Ziyang & other reformers: supported the Tiananmen Square and tossed out. His liberal political view made many in the CCP wary and therefore put him on house arrest. o Reformers: believed that there
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