Class Notes (809,497)
Canada (493,753)
JPA331Y1 (32)
Lecture 3

week 3.doc

2 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Lynette Ong

• 5 year plan is national economic blueprint put out by communist countries • first 5yr plan: 1950-1955 was largely based on the soviet experience • by 1956 the CCP gained more confidence and began to modify the Soviet experience • 1958: Great leap Forward ◦ fundamental departure from the Soviet model ▪ Soviet model of development: urban biased strategy – favoured development of heavy industrial sector at the expense of the rural agricultural sector ▪ fast growth was paramount • pre-Mao China: poor peasants were most disadvantaged, followed by the middle peasants • with the establishment of the PRC, it was reversed. Poor peasants were seen as the victors of communist society. Landlords were condemned. • Paved the way for land reform in 1950 • poor peasants (large % of population), they had nothing before CCP came into power ◦ with land reform, land taken from landlords and given to the poor peasants ▪ helped win widespread support, bolstered the CCP's legitimacy in the eyes of the ppl ▪ shuffled the diff classes in society ▪ eliminated old rural elites/landlord class ▪ new elite of ppl from poor and middle peasants who became loyal to CCP, helped run country side as village cadres • a major feature of the CCP agricultural policy is the collectivization of agriculture ◦ small household farms condemned as capitalist ◦ collectivization was seen as way to achieve greater output growth ◦ collectivization started in 1952 ◦ everyone in village work on big plot of land together, output to be enjoyed equally ◦ lower stage agricultural producer cooperatives: consisted of 30 households • collective – extension of the local state • collective leaders are village cadres, or various collectives would form a village • major decisions were made by the collective • agricultural producers collective: 300 households • communes established to carry out village administration and social welfare • a few villages (brigades) form townships (communes) • 3 levels in country
More Less

Related notes for JPA331Y1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.