FORMAL POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS
Key ft. of political institutions
Unitary state--22 prov. 5 “autonomous regions”, 4 Municipals. 2 SARs
Admin levels: center, prov., prefecture, county, township
No separation of power b/t the CCP, legislature, judiciary
Grid-like, criss-crossing lines of vertical authority & horizontal coordination
22 prov. 5 autor 2 SARs 4 Munic.
Through the party system, report to Beijing
Overlap of power, horizontal hierarchy system
Tiao-Kuai system--Vertical & horizontal system
o People don’t go against the crown. No justice through the court system.
Zhongnanhai: houses the top military ranking officials, while the party and
military are separate on paper, they are inseparable in reality
CCP founded in Leninist mould. Highly selected well-trained discipline. At least
on paper. After a period of apprenticeship, party school training + evaluation and
o Theoretically, the party is to arrive at decisions democratically. Decisions
reached are to be carried out whole-heartedly
o Power really lies at the hand of the party.
o Central level, the main party organs is the national party congress (meets
every 5 years)--highest level of authority. But because infrequent meetings
and large member size, nothing happens.
The CCP Central Party Organs
The National Party Congress:
o 2000 delegates, meet once every 5 years
o Highest organ of party authority in theory. Legitimates central political
tasks for the party, rather than initiates & decides important policies
o A small number not elected
The Central Committee
o 300 members, Meets once or twice a yr.
o In theory, The NPC elects the CC members. Reality, endorses the
candidates determined by the Politburo
o The command HQ of the CCP 2012-10-23 JPA331Y1:
Politburo Standing Committee
o Most powerful inner circle with 9 members currently who meet weekly
o Highest leader- Hu Jintao
Current Members of the Politburo Standing Committee
1. Hu Jintao: Pres. Of PRC, general Secretary of the CPC, chairman of the central
2. Wu Bangguo: Chairman of standing committee of the national people’s congress
3. Wen Jiabao: Premier of the state council of the PRC
4. Jia Qinglin:
The CCP central party organs
o The princ. Admin.