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Civil Violence and War.pdf

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Department
Political Science
Course
POL101Y1
Professor
Jeffrey Kopstein
Semester
Fall

Description
Civil Violence and War November-26-12 12:10PM Examformat- combinationofmcand essay-draw on boththereadingsandthelectures Essayisbroadlyinterpreted-mcwillbemoreconceptual • Violence-canhappenunderseveralcircumstances ○ Evenindemocracies,theirisviolenceinmultipleforms  Police-areallowedtouseviolencetoensurethatthelawsofthestateare enforced • ViolenceandWar ○ Waris normallythoughtasstateon stateconflict ○ Violenceisgenerallymonopolizedbythestate  Thisishowwenormallylookatviolencewithwar  Weber -statemonopolyoflegitimateuseofviolencewithinagiventerritory ○ Civilwarisdifferent ○ Itleadstothecollapseofthestate,and thecollapseofthesovereignty  Theiriseithernoormultiplesovereignties  Civilwarcanleadto a revolutionorjustbea civilwar □ Verydifficulttomakesenseofneighbourtoneighbourviolence AncientGreece ○ ThePeloponnesianWars ○ 431 to 403 BCE  Greeks-beatback thePersians withtheAtheniansleadtheway,wheretheAthenianVs. Spartans  ManydifferencesbetweenthetwoSuperpowers □ Thecausesforthewarwas thealarm that theAthenianswerecausingtoSpartaand itsallies  Therewasa shiftinthebalanceofpower ◊ Motives:fear,honesty-Spartansthereforeneedtogotowar ○ Corfu  OligarchsandDemocratswerebothontheislandofCorfu  Inseperatedstates,dividedstateswillseek thehelpofoutsiders □ Themeofcivilwar:Civilwardrags people down  Itbroughthardshipstocities ◊ Peace andprosperity-peoplewillnothavetheimpulsesthattheyhave whenwarispresent ► Thebasicrespectforhumanlifecandisappearinthetimeofwar ► Changepeoplescircumstancesandtheactdifferently Warand Language ○ Warchangesthe languageofwar  Thoughtsandfeelingsaretwodifferentthings  Warbringson an aspectof thoughtcontrol,sothat peoplestayloyaltothestate  Waraltersthemeaningoflanguageandourabilitytothink □ Warcan makeusirrational □ Warhas no room forthestatesman HumanNature • Duringtimesofcivilwar,ourworstinstinctsfromourhumannatureis broughtout • Natureisviolent,lawisorderly ○ GreekinvasionofSicily-lostbecausetheirambitionsoutrantheirinterests Pinker • empiricalfact-violencebetweenhumanshasdecreasedovertime ○ Measuredprimarilybyhomicide ○ Richerstatestendedto bemorepeacefulthatpoore
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