Class Notes (836,661)
Canada (509,870)
POL101Y1 (1,148)

Oct 15 Lecture.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Political Science
Jeffrey Kopstein

Oct 15 Lecture Communism and Fascism  no holocaust-> no modern perception of human rights Liberalism and its Crisis  Long 29 century is peak of liberalism’s appeal  Liberal institutions develop even where social basis Is not obviously present  Had parliaments that sounded like the West, yet they didn’t function that way (Hungary, Poland)  Social basis that exists in the West does not exist in those places yet they persist  Eventually liberal democracies that were ‘faking’ went into crisis  Hungary good example: through WWII, you had elections where they were competitive (cities), country side it was very swayed (corrupt rules); an example of how liberalism functioned in the third world; eastern part of European continent was European ‘third world”; extreme rich versus peasants (countryside); people started questioning liberalism and if it actually works Liberalism and the Working Class  extension of the franchise  working class, women, minority groups (this being the West)  Rise of Social Democracy in Western Europe. Evolutionary socialism and reconciliation with liberal democracy: electoral socialism  Socialism makes way from revolutionary to evolutionary idea (in West)  That becomes the story of socialism in the West ^\ What about the revolution?  Lenin: revolutionary movement under conditions of authoritarianism- Russia  To be a communist-> almost a cult-> full time revolutionary activity-> you did not play a role you held a status  Left on their own, workers will never make a revolution  Conspiracy  Workers only capable of “trade union consciousness” (they want more money and less work)  Need “party” to bring them the truth: what this means for Marxism  Revolution will occur because the communist party will do it for them Marxism and Economic Backwarness  Lenin trying to make revolution at the most economically backward time in Europe  Illiteracy rates extremely high (81% in 1915, etc)  Russia- one of most backward countries in Europe  Working class revolution, with small working class  1917: World War and Revolution  Lenin never gave up on Revolution-> German government helped send Lenin back to Russia to end war (against Germany)  1917 in Russia, Lenin comes, Russia going into complete chaos  Tzar steps down, parliament with a number of parties, only Lenin said lets get out of the war  Lenin and highly organized group seized power World Revolution or World Power  Russia was a weak link-> Revolution would spread everywhere  World revolution fails to materialize  From insurrectionism to statism- supporting communism means supporting the Soviet Union  What it means to be the communist is to support the communist state-> Soviet Russia  But what is communism or socialism? What will this kind of economy look like:  Lenin: “Communism= Soviet party + electrification” (everything modern)  But still does not solve the problem  They argue over entire 1920s, “let peasants get rich” -> increasingly capitalist agriculture, how did this lead to rapid industrialization anyways? Peasant want to be peasants not steel workers Stalin: terror and progress  industrialization  collectivization  terror and secret police  purges and famine…  not even Russian, he speaks with a Georgian accent, Stalin not his real name
More Less

Related notes for POL101Y1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.