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Lecture

Democracy with Chinese Characteristics.docx

3 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL101Y1
Professor
Jeffrey Kopstein

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Democracy with Chinese Characteristics st October 31 , 2011 “…the people’s wishes for and needs for democracy and freedom are irresistible.” Premier Wen Jia-Bao, interview with CNN, September 23, 2010 democracies are far from perfect, there is a lot of work to be done to make democracy work democracies change and adapt and accommodate China counts as 20% of the world’s population No reason for China to become democratic? There is serious need for economic and political reform, deepen elections, transparency in government China in the Modern Era there have been many potential democratic openings in China End of the Qing dynasty, the Opium War of 1842 [the British exported opium to China and many Chinese became addicted] 1895, China lost war with Japan Population crisis, growing economically but population was growing faster 80 million to 500 million during the Qing Dynasty, population explosion led to poverty China was a backwards case for a long time, economically and technologically Nationalist revolution led to the end of the Qing dynasty, it was a Manchurian dynasty Republican revolution, 1911, the overthrowing of the emperor (and for the first time, China was a country) Sun Yat-Sen, he wanted China to be modern power, inspired by Abraham Lincoln “Three Principles of the People” -Nation, a modern nation that is self-reliant -Democracy, like all modern republics -Welfare, China would be able to feed their own country Shanghai, international financial centers What kind of democracy does China have? Democracy with Chinese characteristics? We don’t see a Polyarchy, institutionalized uncertainty (no alternatives to the Chinese communist party) and a poor human rights record. There is no freedom of speech, freedom of the press. China is modern, second largest economy in the world. How can China modernize but not be democratic? I. A Democratic Revolution? -high tide of Maoist socialism (1949-56) potentially a democratic movement Country was supposed to be based on a few Maoist principles: socialism, revolutionary spirit, anti- foreign nationalism foreigners have done nothing good for China, they were going to be self-reliant in 1956, Mao launched the mini-leap forward to propel self-reliance, “more, faster, better…” we have t
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