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On Immigration, Citizenship, & Multiculturalism

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Political Science

POL101 Nov. 15 , 2010 On Immigration, Citizenship, & Multiculturalism International Migration, Immigration & Multiculturalism International Migration: is politically salient due to the border being crossed; this changes one’s membership status Immigration: Immigration is a political process driven by the way our world is structured in an amalgam of nation states Inequality People tend to prefer to live where they were born and raised Inequality can be thought of as a push factor (i.e. One doesn’t have a job) Immigration is also made up of pull-factors such as relatively higher wages, standard of living, & better prospects for one’s children Employers are doing the pulling. Material inequality is an important driver Refugees The push is political in this case, known as asylum seekers Internationally recognized right for one to leave their country, almost every country allows for freedom of exit (excl. North Korea) Strange Bedfellows I (Political interests can bring together people who otherwise have little in common) Core of immigration policy: how one enters, whether one can enter, how can one establish residency, the rules for deportation Immigrants add to the receiving country’s working force (good for employers), not for employees Strange Bedfellows II Open immigration for everyone Multiculturalism A social fact – Canada IS multicultural, in terms of linguistic, religious, & cultural diversity A normative position about how society should be ordered Origins & Development of Canadian Multiculturalism Policy There is no core Canadian culture, no expectation that one assimilates into Canadian culture (i.e. Canadian Charter of Rights & Freedoms) Criticisms of Multiculturalism Policy Puts people into ethnic categories thus fragmenting u
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