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The End of the Nation-State

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Political Science

POL101 March 21 , 2011 The End of the Nation-State Beyond Nationalism: The Theory Nationalism is a product of industrial society New phenomenon, only in existence for the past 200 years Implications: if nationalism is the product of industrial modernity, than what will happen when industrial modernity passes? Nationalism will pass as well Does therefore, the passing of the industrial society into post-industrial society mean that we are moving to a post-national era? What would that mean? Primary allegiances shift from nation-state to something above that. How would that actually transpire? Case Study: European Union • Historical circumstances: run up to war & WWII Many people understood there was going to be a fight; in order to prevent this from happening a federal Europe was required • How to ensure the Germany & France never fight again? Historical rivals • Notions of European Federalism • European Coal & Steel Community: 1951 (France, Germany, Italy, Belgium, Netherlands. Luxembourg) • State interests: German economic power & French political influence • Idea: unite economies From Coal & Steel to EU Contradictions of only coal & steel • What about all the other things that go into making coal & steel? • Apparent that you couldn’t just do coal & steel, you had to tie economies together Treaties of Rome: 1957 (EEC & Euratom) • Started off as a custom union (free trade, common external tariff once a good enters the European economic community, it can go anywhere) • Not just about economics either, to create a level playing field you had to integrate all areas Today called the European Union: from 6 to 27 countries Institutions a) European Commission, b) Council, c) European Court of Justice, d) Parliament • Have courts in case there are disputes about the meaning of a treaty Two logics: 1) intergovernmental, 2) neo-functional 1) Governments sign treaties; the EU is the result of this Logic of intergovernmentalism: delegation Logic of neo-functionalism: spillover Growing institutionalization of a growing European polity From Single Market to Single Currency One of the last stands of the nation-state, the issuing of money is one of the main things that nation-states do • Single Market Act 1986 • Creation of Euro:
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