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Lecture

Democracy, War, and Peace - Lecture 3: Marxism

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Department
Political Science
Course
POL101Y1
Professor
Jeffrey Kopstein
Semester
Fall

Description
POL101 Lec 3 11-09-26 7:33 PM The Rise of the West and Marxism Economic development first starts in Northwest Europe Twin Revolutions 16-19 , Centuries, agricultural and industrial. Agricultural Revolution: may be hyperbole to use the word revolution here. Case of Flemish and British farmers. No surplus no wealth Those changes in Agriculture, agricultural technologiesthey move across the continent from northwest to south east at about 3-5 miles a year. By the time they reach Russia its 150 years laterbetween northwest and the southeast As you go from Northwest to Southeast, you see a pattern of how cities and towns get poorer. This pattern exists today, 150 years later. Even though everyone is richerbut the poor pattern still stays with you in the modern day. th Originates in the late 18 century England Agricultural revolution was not really a revolution because it was slow, there was no rapid change, no profound change. Industrial Revolution th originates in late 18 century England. A ten fold increase in cotton in 15 years Amount of Iron processed into steel in English factories increases really fast. A ten fold of increase in the production of iron. Produced huge changes in domestic consumption all peasants became workers everybody moving into cities Consequences Luxuries came to be seen and mere decencies and decencies came be seen as necessities. Distribution highly uneven but now creation of middle class that had risen from manual labor to professional or entrepreneurial status. Social Results 1) Capacity to produce surplus. 2) increasing complexity of division of labor (society became more complex, jobs in specializationsdoctor, lawyer, farmers)
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