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Day 1 Notes.docx

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Political Science
Course Code
Joseph Wong

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9/24/2013 3:27:00 PM Homework Reaction papers—hard copy and email – reaction to readings/ discussion Shanghai Field Research Paper—open paper meant to explore the city specific topic Multiple images of China China as rich, developing, and exploitative S. Korea new prime minister cancelled its first trip to China in lieu of the US due to rising N. Korean tensions Because China is not well known to the West, and the West presumes it is well known to the rest of the world, misunderstandings rise What is the real China? G2 an idea raised by the US that suggested the US and China as co-leaders of the world economy the Chinese rejected the idea China as extremely powerful economy that deserves to be in the same role as the US 2005 Anti-Secession Law put into legislation that states China will use its military force if Taiwan were to secede, which China views as its own province bold statement—first time China would use military force knowing that the US and Taiwan have an act that will come to Taiwan‘s defense China meeting the American challenge—clear sense of its sovereignty that should not be messed with (defending its Westphalian system) A blue water navy Chinese navy continually developing and interested in a blue water navy (move from coastal defense to maritime defense) The ―rape‖ of Nanjing Decline of security doctrine (League of Nations did not interfere despite Japan invading China and committing a genocide) End of Qing dynasty (not truly Chinese) Very vulnerable China, humiliating to lose to another Asian country The Cultural Revolution A confusing era in Chinese politics Roots in early 1960s in the split of Chinese leadership due to failure of Great Leap Forward  Mao increasingly marginalized and a rise of the technocratic elite in the party Mao tried to re-assert his legitimacy through rejuvenate the revolutionary spirit Mao align himself with the military and student movement Bottom-up totalitarian movement w/in society Goals: exorcise what Mao saw as the remnants of feudalism and infiltration of bourgeois elements in society, rejuvenate the revolutionary movement and move power away from the technocracy, and eliminate Mao‘s rivals w/in the Communist Party (e.g. Deng) complete anarchy, not authoritarianism end in 1976 with the death of Mao (10 years) left China in a politically fragile system Nine-dash line to demonstrate the boundaries of Chinese sovereignty, which included many areas in the S. Asian Sea that are contested areas in its neighbors‘ (Vietnam, Philippines) eyes aggressive China Different, contradictory images of China Common analytical thread—a continual nation-building project Internal/ external (China vis-à-vis the rest of the world) Nation-building Victimization narrative China as the central great kingdom that was victimized by European opium. China wanted to stop the trade, but British colonialism disallowed them from stopping it surrenders and signs the Treaty of Nanjing and pays an indemnity to Britain, and gave ports to allow for British free trade Loss to Japan resulted in the Treaty of Shiminoseki Narrative of China as having been/ continues to be vulnerable The Republican Revolution (reflection) Huge defeat for Chinese pride that set the stage for the end of the Qing Dynasty—economic/ population crisis Nationalist revolution against a non-Han regime Type of Republican Revolution in which we see the seeds of an anti-foreign nationalism Discovery of what it means to be Chinese and to rebuild China 1917—The Rise of the New Culture Movement (reflection) How do we create a modern China that is part of the modern world? – embrace dem
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