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POL101Y1 (1,114)

context of the party system

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Nelson Wiseman

What are the various classifications of canada’s parties and party system? What is the different between cadre parties and the mass parties? Classifying parties and party system  Numerical  One party dominance  South africa has one party system  Won over 70% of sears or half the vote  Or keeps wining over consecutive years  Two party system  Two parties have overwhelming majority of vote and 90% of seats  BC has 2 party system  2 parties periodic or regular switch of competition  Three party system  Three parties have minimum 20% of votes and some seats  1980, 1984, 1988, three parties with twenty percent of vote in federal election  Tow and a half party system  Two major parties and another smaller party (NDP)  Multiparty system  Has more than three parties  1990s example, 5 parties  Problem  Changes are possible overnight  Content of parties, how do they mobilize origin  Cleavages of religion or ethnicity  Origins  Three types of parties based on origin  Parliamentary party( born in parliament: Liberals and Conservative)  Fragment party (slices off parliamentary parties, BQ)  Movement party (arise outside of parliament: CCF, Green,)   Organization  Cadre party  Built around small cadre of people, small elite around leader  Small amount of large donators  Leader focused, leader the shapherd decides policies  Organization from top to bottom  Mass party  Organization from bottom to top  Built around membership  Large number of small financial contributors  Democratic  Care more about policies of party not a charismatic leader  Western parties have been more mass,Atlantic more cadre  Finance law encourage more mass parties, but candidates need leader to sign off on nomination parties(cadre)  Integration  theoretical model, Donald Smiley, about relations between parties with same names  -integrated party system(same party federally and provincially)  4. Donald Smiley traced the de-integration of parties of identical partisan  designation by differentiating between an integrated party system where "national and provincial parties of the same designation" are integrated in all forms (excepting cognitive)  5. confederal system where parties of the same name possess largely autonomous organizations, espouse largely distinct ideologies, and have "significantly different bodies of voter allegiance." He concludes from his analysis that "the Canadian party system has developed from the integrated form to confederalism.  Voting Patterns. Do they vote same party in federal and provincial? is it transferable?  Party Organization: same officials/mechanisms/rules for electing people to provincial and federal? or is it autonomous? are the boundaries the same?  Party careers: did they run same party federally and provincially  Party finance: independently financed or not  Ideology and principals: are they the same for federal and provincially  Party symmetry: no Conservative party provincially  Ideological  Left to right spectrum  Party platform, debates, party pronouncements  Interview MPs for party  Voter support, poor(left) wealth(right)  Collectivism vs individualistic  Equality vs elitism  Sociological background of MP Four Canadian party systems  Patronage and state building 1867-1917  Focus on individual constituency, all jobs were filled on patronage principal, patronage was used to build up state  Ended with civil service reforms in 1917, wanted confidence in ability of party and not just loyalty to party  Also got more provinces and huge population boom  Money for parties was from civil service and banks  Party was ca
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