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ideology and parties, lecture 5

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Nelson Wiseman

Different between classical and contemporary  Conservatism  Liberalism  Socialism Conservatism (classical)  Good society= traditional social order  Members of groups not individuals  The wealthy have obligation to link out for the poor, and the poor have a duty to defer the rich  Rights and obligations link groups of society together on traditional basis  Dignity depends on conforming to the group you belong to--don’t break classes  Nature of government== rights and responsibilities of rulers are derived from God and tradition  Primary role of state is to ensure social order and status quo and prevent a breakdown of society  Government has wide scope but doesn’t use it unless it needs to maintain order  The state is superior and more important than society and everyone needs to be deferential  Divine rule of kings  Not necessarily big government, but an authoritative one-government is not suspect as by classical liberals  In traditional society, it would be natural to have a state church  Most powerful= executive  No separation of church and state  Support from the landed classes, churches, military offices, agents from the Crown Conservatism(contemporary )  More individualistic than contemporary liberals  The classical liberals  It’s ok fort the state to promote economic goals, but should not be harnessed to achieve those goals, just provide environment for individual to achieve those, not get directly involved  Minimal regulation of capitalism  Individuals are responsible for own lives  Don’t promote certain groups, oppose collectivist policies because undermine personal dignity  Minimal taxes, maximizes personal choice  Moral choice==divided  Support from big business, elements of upper middle class, conservative media (Post Media, Sun Media, Mike Duffy, Global Media), conservative think tanks, seniors men, prairies(espAB) Liberalism(classical)  Good society==maximizing the freedom for all individuals(not on society or group)  Economic and political worlds should be free and competitive and not based on tradition  Merit-based achievement and effort  Produces the greatest  Happiness for society because maximizes material welfare for all  Personal dignity depends on what they do and their merits and their ambition and their skill  Nature of government=not inher遗遗e, rests on consent of the governed  Political system is competitive with competing political parties  The state is subordinate to society rather than the other way around for classical conservatives based on consenting individuals  Can change by
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