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Lecture

POL 101- Modern Democracy: Virtues, Fragility and the Process

2 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL101Y1
Professor
Jeffrey Kopstein

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Sept 16, 2013 POL 101 Modern Democracy (Wong)  Blacks dominated population in South Africa but Whites dominated share of land and national income. Much more invested in whites  Democracy is a very new concept, people fight for democracy, risking their lives  Democracy has a lot of appeal, the amount of democracies rapidly increased after 1975  Democracies don’t fight democracies, maintain stability  DEMOCRACY’S VIRTUE  Aristotle prefers democracy because he people are the most important  Democracy gives you rights  Elections – fairness, honesty  System of collective decision making  Virtue is made of Liberty – freedom of press, association, speech. Overall right to oppose, have an opinion  Equality – all people are equal regardless of social characteristics  The first 2 principles are protected by Rule of law, law applies to everyone  Pluralism – multiple POV, ideas  Pluralism makes a democracy a compromise of ideas  Institutionalized uncertainty – nobody is safe in their position  Democracy is a competition: wins and losses, but the losers are never out. They always have another chance. You never know who will win. The repetition makes it institutionalized  DEMOCRACY’S FRAGILITY  Since 1975, 53 countries democracies broke down out of democracy, half recovered  DEMOCRACY AS A PROCESS  Quote states in 1920 that citizenship doesn’t always equal voting rights  As years passed, more racial and social groups were allowed to vote  Three dynamics : Building a foundation, choosing democracy, then making democracy  1. Building Democracy’s Foundation  Modernization Theory: there must be an economic transformation (ex. Agriculture to trade). Technology needed to grow (wheel, trucks, planes)/  Economic development is necessary  Demographic change: people move into the cities, women start working, lifestyles change  Social change: more literacy, more education, more sec
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