Class Notes (806,513)
Canada (492,267)
POL101Y1 (1,114)
Lecture 20

Problems Of Democracy lecture 2013

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Jeffrey Kopstein

October 21, 2013 Problems of Democracy Democracy and Equality Rules of the game: political institutions, laws that protect fundamental human rights, rule of law instead of rule of man, Rules are institutions/codified Managing diversity: different interests in the world, democracies moderate them, rights, inclusions, interest groups for different voices to be heard. Pluralism . Democracy facilitates compromise/moderate Institutionalized uncertainty: Democracies are uncertain, there are always alternative. You and your interest may lose. There must be a chance that you’ll lose. This creates accountability and responsiveness to respond to public. Promotes stability. Variations of Democracy: wide variety of institutional variations, none are the same Dynamic and changing all the time with context and history. Equality : Core to liberal and Marxist tradition. It is also core to democracy . Two ways to think of it in context to democracy: 1. Equality of Opportunity: equality in political process. - Rules applied equally to every citizen - About the individual, and the individual as a citizen - PROCEDURAL DEMOCRACY , how do we manipulate rules of the game for equality. Not just free elections but fair elections. Everybody has the political right to participate in election. - Robert Dahl : polyarchy – Public Contestation (everyone should have the ability to participate, participation, equality of opportunity. Inclusive Participation. Median Voter System * 2. Equality of Outcome - Political-economic equity, narrower gaps between women and men, narrower discrimination. The outcome - Procedural versus substantive democracy - Example: democratic welfare state , emerge as a result of working class mobilization , modern labour unions to mobilize in context of democracy. Create war and equitable outcome. Not opportunity but equality of outcome Voter Turnout Rates - Toronto- 50.6 % in 2010 - Ontario- 49.2% in 2011 Collective Action Problem one of the fundamental challenges Question: Why do people not vote? Voting is a collective interest but you act in a self-interested way. We are self-interested and rational. As a rational, selfish act we would not pick up garbage on the streets. There may be a collective reason to do something but you act rationally. Engaging in collective action costs: watch debates, read newspapers, debate pros and cons of candidates. Everything costs you and the benefits are the ones you are going to benefit collectively but not individually. Benefit is not worth the cost. We free ride , want collective good but do not want to do it ourselves . - Enjoy the benefits but will not extend the costs - Even if we have equality of opportunity (right to vote), we don’t exercise it. Serious challenge in democracy Equality of Opportunity - Challenges The Fallacy of Democratic Pluralism: Democratic pluralism—assumes politi
More Less

Related notes for POL101Y1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.