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Global Governance JAN 6.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Joseph Wong

January 6, 2014 Global Governance: Promise and Challenges Global Governance & The International System • Anarchic international system – We live in an international system in which no world government (realists). In end what matters most is state/ national interests. National interests most important. System in which power matters – national power. Relative power. More power than your neighbour. Relative not absolute power. Zero sum – my gain is your loss. Your gain is at the expense of someone else. Conflict Is the norm. Hegemonic stability. Realist WW1 function/result of the rise of Germany – as industrialized challenged UK/England, power transition movement conflict inevitable. Collective security – all nation states committed to protection of sovereignty. League of Nations – post WW1 era, prevent something like WW1 to happen again. • Neoliberal Institutionalism – No such thing as world government. SO long as we live in world of states we can never have world government. We can have interdependent international system. Not always case national interest most important. Complex interdependence through climate change, global health challenges. Interdependence. Positive sum – cooperate with one another, all benefit overall. Functionalism – knowledge, specialized knowledge, cooperate and learn together, solve problems together (climate…). Rules and norms – need rules and norms, formal rules and informal norms. • International organizations UN System of States • To maintain international peace and security, and to that end; to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace… • To develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self- determination of peoples… • To achieve international cooperation in solving international problems of an economic, social , cultural or humanitarian character • TO be a centre for harmonizing the action of nations in the attainment of these common ends Why is global governance so important today? Global risks: • Collectivity / Commons – collective world, one isolated incident because of technology, transportations, power outages, world of commons, climate change • Borderless world • Uncertainty • New global risks Features of global governance • Absence of global govt • Collective fate • Functional specialization – world health organization WHO – IHR • Participatory – global participation, deal made by all stake holders / all nation states, deliberate, argue, form compromises, UN general assembly – every nation state has one vote • Coordination – interstate coordination, done b/w govts, transparent, iterated • Compromise • “Enlightened sovereignty” – Stephen Harper on G20 – realist world, we can live in
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