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Civil and military relations

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Jeffrey Kopstein

December 6 2010 Civil Military Relations and Democracy N Civil military relations are at the core of political problems N Conflicts between the military and the government make up the prime division of societies institutional problems N @ZK]o][Zcompliance with civil demands factor into the power equation of a state N Violence is a necessary tool in statecraft N ^]KZZ}ZZZ]22ZZ] l7]KZK}Z}]ZZ]L2]L2]:_ N ooZZ]oLK7Z}ZZ}}L[oLo}he armies of others (vulnerable to other states interests) N Modern states are the result of the transition from feudal to mass armies N Feudal army: an army made up of the nobility and their supporters N Mass Army: citizen army; fuelled by patriotism and popular support N Professional army: volunteer army of trained professional soldiers. N Draft army: force composed of individuals who under a state obligation to serve for a given period. N Armies are necessary for the preservation of state interests N Problem: Guarding the guards? N To properly control the military, you have to properly define the soldiers commitment;
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