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Democracy and equality 2.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
POL101Y1
Professor
Jeffrey Kopstein
Semester
Fall

Description
Political science class 5 11/11/2011 Democracy and equality • Rules of the game • Managing diversity  • Institutionalized uncertainty: democracy institutionalizes uncertainty. This is what keeps democracy  stable, the not knowing of who is going to win an election. If your party loses, you can run again  next time. Uncertainty gives stability. • variations of democracy: no two democracies are the same. Democratic institutions are tailored to  different kinds of ethinic, cultural, and economic contexts. In some political systems, efficiency is  more important. Democracy depends on the needs of society. It is applied to reflect different social  and economic needs and contexts. It changes over time as societies change.  • equality: at the core of democracy is equality. Individuals are treated equally. Your vote is the same  as anyone else’s. the truest form of democracy is one in which we see the greatest social and  economic equality. No matter what form of democracy, equality is central 1)  equality of opportunity   ­political equality  ­procedural democracy­ procedures and processes of democrac. Were really focused on the rules  of the game. Focus on the constitution and such. We always and free and fair elections.   ­polyarchy (Robert dahl) – public contestation and inclusive participation challenges: collective action problem 2) equality of outcome       ­political­economic equity­ concerns the consequences of democratic     action. How does  democracy matter in people’s everyday lives?        ­procedural versus substantive democracy­ rules are important as    they deliver more equitable  outcomes. Expectation that a democracy        will provide a greater equality of outcomes       ­example: democratic welfare state­ creates more equitable        outcomes or fair outcomes. Thus, it  is a fair process.      Equality of Opportunity – Challenges: Challenge 2: The Fallacy of Democratic pluralism Democratic pluralism assumes political equality Example: US
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