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POL103 LEC 2

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Jeffrey Kopstein

POL103LEC 02 September 22, 2009 The Rise of the West Modernization Europe: What is true is that modernization really began in the North West corner of Europe. Great Britain, the lowlands which was the Netherlands, Belgium, Northern France, northern Germany in part (sometimes called the Northwest triangle). Origins of Modern World Economy th Twin Revolutions 16 019th centuries, agricultural and industrial Refers to very gradual changes in agricultural technologies which had a large impact on the amount of surplus that a farmer could get from land. Both occurred in the Northwest Triangle of Europe It took them almost 2 centuries to raise their revenues where they could attain a lot of surplus. It was slow, and the second thing is that it spread very slowly from the South West to the North and East. They moved across the continent rather slowly. These changes of course refer to things such as kinds of ploughs, and primitive types of fertilizer. Technologies invented in Holland and the Rhineland during the long sixteenth century reached Bavaria, Saxony, and Central France around 1750, and Hungary, Poland, and the Balkans between 1824 and 1850, and Russia later still. Neatly regressive pattern from Northwest to South East. Three economic regions of Europe; the core, the semi periphery, and then the periphery. Before 1600s the differences between the East and West existed but they werent so great Industrial Revolution Originates in late 18 century England More appropriate designated as a revolution Amount of Iron processed into steel in English Factories: 1788: 68, 000 tons 1806: 250, 000 tons 1830: 678, 000 tons
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