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Cold War Realism

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Jeffrey Kopstein

Cold War Realism 11. 29. 1020 End of WWII Division of Europe Hungary 1956 In 1956, America encouraged the Hungarian revolution. However, America decided not to get involved in the conflict when the USSR invaded Hungary. The US was unwilling to start WWIII. This was the last opportunity for US to defeat the UUSR militarily. During WWII, Berlin was occupied by both the allied powers and the USSR. Berlin was deep inside East Germany. The border dividing West and East Berlin was open until 1962. The border was closed to prevent people from East Berlin from going to West Berlin possibly taking a plane to West Germany. From Confrontation to Stalemate Nuclear weapons weapons of a new kind. Normally weapons were made to be used in wars. Nuclear weapons were too powerful to be used like other weapons. Nuclear weapons were meant to be used only when the enemy has launched their nuclear weapons or if the country is almost completely overrun as a last resort. US Monopoly on nuclear Weapons 1945 1949 US superiority 1949-1968: Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD) Key to winning a nuclear war is not first strike but second strike. Parity 1968 1991, US and USSR nuclear and conventional military are matched, standing toe to toe. Nuclear Capacity US # of nuclear weapons created, 1951 present, 67500. Total # nuclear bombers built, 1945 present: 4680. Peak # of nuclear warheads and bombs in the stockpileyear: 32193 (1966) USSR
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