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POL101Y1 (1,148)

Feb 28 2011

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Political Science
Nelson Wiseman

POL356Y1- Lecture Feb. 28, 2011 • Federal and Provincial Parties and Party Systems • Nunavut and Northwest territories do not have parties • Connections between provincial and federal parties • In 19 century federal parties more powerful than provincial parties because the federal government was more powerful than the provincial government • In Atlantic Canada the liberals and conservatives embraced these terms to connect themselves to the federal parties • In NB for example there are references to conservatives and liberals, but in the legislative they only used governing and opposition • Provincial party system different from federal- provincial societies are different, economies different, histories different- thus for example if we compare Saskatchewan and NFL • They all share in common one thing with federal- all operate under Westminster model – and also in all of these jurisdictions- what they also share with federal government- all use first past the post- single member plurality system • Federalism leads to dual images of the parties- it also suggests they can have dual policies • Major policy election in 1988 over free trade • The Alberta conservatives were against national energy program- Ontario conservatives were for it • Alberta Conservatives against Charter of rights and freedom..others for it • Today what’s the liberal policy on corporate taxes- Federal liberals against it- Ontario liberals are introducing it • There are conflicting images of the parties- look at last election • Provincial not inferior to federal parties • Internal operations of parties structure are parallel to the Canadian system of government • Provincial parties are autonomous and independent • When we look at Party members and party activists- we may have party activists conservatives- who are just oriented to provincial politics and not involved in federal- then we may have other who are just oriented to federal politics- others who see themselves as conservatives or liberal both federal and provincial • The relations between the two (fed prov) parties are heavily influences by which one of them is in power or if both or neither are in power • If the federal parties in power- a weak provincial party will be dependent on the federal and vice versa- influenced by weather one is in power or not in power or if both are in power • It’s difficult to convert the party machinery from one level to the other level- not all liberal parties are the same and so on • 2 Models of Federal -Provincial party relations • We can use 6 criteria (or 7) to determine the federal provincial party relations • Integrated versus confederal partiers and party systems • First you look at voters support-integrated- the same people vote for the same parties on both levels – if there is a shift from one to the other at the federal level they also switch so their integrated • Second criteria –Party organization- parties with the same label use the same machinery- same offices- same meetings- same membership lists to nominate executives on both levels- if they do this it is an integrated party- there would be a party mechanism in place that would have authority over the party on both levels • Third criteria- look at party careers- whether the leaders the people elected in parties go across levels or don’t- a lot of examples of both- is there an easy movement from one level to another- easy movement between federal and provincial • Fourth criteria- look at finance- where it gets its money- how it gets it and what it does with its money- do people contribute to the party as such or to the federal or provincial- if they contribute to the party as such the party will have internal mechanisms as to how the money is dispersed- we have a law that you have to give money to either provincial or federal- and they can give to each other- transfer money from federal to provincial and vice versa- suggests integrated- if they hold on to it suggest otherwise • Fifth criteria- parties ideologies and policies- integrated party- the party would have the same policies same principals and philosophies federal and provincially- if it’s not integrated they can have different policies and different positions • Sixth criteria - party symmetry- does the party compete in elections both federally and provincially – if it does i t suggests integrated party system- if it doesn’t it suggests confederal • Confederal party system is exact opposite of integrated party • Look at voters support for confederal- the base of support for the parties are different bodies of voters- if there’s a shift at any level it doesn’t mean that the other level will shift also • Party organization- in confederate – co
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