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POL101Y1 (1,114)

February 28 2011

4 Pages
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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Nelson Wiseman

*February 28th* * * Federal and Provincial Parties and Party Systems - 12 party systems in Canada, Federal, Provincial, and Nunavut - Many of the provincial parties arose because of the power of the Federal parties - Sometimes possible for MPs to serve as MLAs as well - Provincial party systems different from Federal, and from one another because Provincial societies, history, and economies are very different - They also all share in common one thing, and with the Federal Parties, strong executive, single member plurality system (FPTP) - Federalism leads to dual images of the parties, and duel policies Two Models of Federal - Provincial Party Relations - Provincial parties are not hierarchically inferior to the Federal parties - Operations of parties, Fed and Pro, parallel the Canadian system of parliament - Provincial parties are autonomous and independent - Relations are heavily influenced by which one is in power, or if both are in power, or if neither are in power - A weak provincial party not in power may depend on their Federal level whom may be in power - If both are in power they may fight - Difficult to convert ideologies from one level to another level (provincial to federal) Received Images of Provincial/Regional Politics - Integrated vs. confederal party system and parties - Six criteria o Voting criteria - Integrated - people vote for the same people both provincial and federal - voting on the basis of the party at both levels - opposite is confederal o Party Organization - Integrated parties with the same label use the same party machinery, offices, meetings, lists, etc - party mechanism in place to look after both levels o Party Careers - whether the leaders the people elected in parties go across levels or don't, is the movement easy? If so, Integrated, if not, confederal. o Finance - where each level gets its money, how it gets money, and where they spend their money - Party would have internal mechanisms to decide where the money is dispersed - nothing to keep the federal party from giving money to the provincial party, or the other way around. How much money is being transferred? Shared = integrated o Party's ideology and policies - Integrated would have same outlook and ideas o Can also look at party symmetry, does a party compete both federally and provincially? If it does, it suggests an integrated party system - Relationship between the parties can change over time depending on the leaders, issues, etc - Most integrated parties historically in the Atlantic regions - Most integrated party has been the NDP - Do the parties assist each other? - Do the party leaders support each level? - Is there a close personal relationship between the federal and provincial leaders of the same party? - Is there a close relationship between the leaders of the provincial party and the regional minister - Do the Personnel of each party overlap? - Do they have integrated or separate party careers - To what extent do the MPs and MLAs commun
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