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POL101 Lecture #12

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Political Science

010912 POL101 Lecture 12 Nationalism and Conflict KopsteinThe we feeling what does it include socially constructedWhat is nationalism The ideology of nations A nation is a group that wants to have its own stateBut things are not so simpleWhat is a nation A group of people who believe they share a common fate history culture and language Nationalisms say that the state and nation should be congruentNationalismOnly occurs under modern conditions Never before in human history did people insist that their leaders be of the same culture and never did leaders try to make the people share their cultureThis is a modern phenomenon no more than 350 years old Its this need for congruence that needs to be explained 1921 in Poland 13 of the people were not Polish th Late 19 century a good some of people in France did not know how to speak French Nationalism and Modernization High culture and low cultures European monarchs and populationIndustrial society and the need for universalization of high culture standardized culture In this way nations are constructed they are projects of elites sometimes competing projects They dont exist as things in themselves but are the products of aggregated individuals beliefs most national projects fail and we only learn about the winnersBut stakes are ver
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