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Genocide and Justice

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Political Science
Jeffrey Kopstein

Genocide and Justice Genocide is committed with the intent to destroy, in whole or part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group. The Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide passed in 1948 -this convention is silent on means of prevention, appropriate remedial actions; what is appropriate justice for the victimspunishment for the perpetrators? 3 Levels of Criminal Activity: Genocide (most serious), Crimes Against Humanity, War Crimes. 1). Genocide occurs by: -killing members of the group -causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group -deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction, in whole or in part -imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group -forcibly transferring children of one group to another group -acts directed against political groups are excluded from the definition of genocide ex. Nuremberg; in response to first systematic intent and murder of mass scale i.e. Jews in EuropeHolocaust bc of racial and religious reasons 2). Crimes against Humanity International Criminal Injustice The Charter of the International Military Tribunal, passed in 1945 after WWII, described these atrocities as customary international crimes that justify international criminal sanctions, namely: -murder -enslavement -deportation -imprisonment -torture -rape, or other inhumane acts committed against any civilian population before during the war. 3). War Crimes, or violations of the laws and customs of war, namely: murder ill-treatment deportation of slave labour or for any other purpose of the civilian population of or in occupied territory. Ad Hoc International Tribunal for Nuremberg Laws - 1944 - not sanctioned by any international institution thus ad hoc status - council of victors of the war on the Nazi Germans -they set up the Nuremberg Laws -From this we begin to consider Victors Justice: how we understand justice, who establishes the rules of justice etc.
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