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Nationalism and Conflict (Jan. 9).docx

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Political Science
Joseph Wong

Nationalism and Conflict  What is nationalism? o Ideology of nations – nation is a group that wants to have its own state o But things are not so simple o What is a nation?  Group of people who believe they share a common fate, history, culture, and language o Nationalism says that the state and nation should be congruent o But this only occurs under modern conditions o Never before in human history did people insist that their leaders be of the same culture and never did leaders try to make the people share their culture o This is a modern phenomenon o It’s this need for congruence that needs to be explained o Only about 300 year-old concept o Why does it only happen under conditions of modernity?  Nationalism and modernization o High culture and low cultures: European monarchs and populations o Industrial society and need for universalization of high culture o In this way, nations are constructed, they are projects of elites, sometimes competing projects. They don’t exist as things in themselves but are the products of aggregated individual
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