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Political Science - March 19.docx

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Political Science
Jeffrey Kopstein

GLOVAL GOVERNANCE: PROMISE AND CHALLENGES Global governance and the international system - Anarchic international system – realism o One states gain is another states loss o States prone to conflict - League of Nations and collective security o Threat of punishment wasn’t enough - Neoliberal institutionalism o Interdependence (especially economic) o Positive sum o Functionalism o Rules and norms - International organizations and regimes UN System of States - To maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace…; - To develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples…; - To achieve international co-operation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character…; and - To be a centre for harmonizing actions of nations in the attainment of these common ends Global Risks - Collective/common (climate change) - Borderless world (global health) - Uncertainty (technology) - Human security (genocide) - New global risks and global governance st o “We recognize that we can no longer meet the challenges of the 21 century economy with the 20 century approaches. We have learned, time and again, that in the 21st century, the nations of the world share the same interests” (US President Barack Obama, on the G20) Transnational Governance - Transnational - Rules of the game – World Trade Organization - Goals and targets – Kyoto Accord - Deliberative forums – G8 and G20 Features of Global Governance 1. Absence of global GOVERNMENT (State sovereignty remains) 2. Collective fate and commons (financial code) 3. Functional specialization (WHO) 4. Participatory (UN General Assembly) 5. Enlightened sovereignty “We must come together in a spirit less about narrow self-interest in sovereignty’s name, than an expanded view of mutual interest in which there is room for all to grow and prosper. Enlightened sovereignty, then, is the natural extension of enlightened self-interest.” (PM Stephen Harper, on the G20) 6. Coordination 7. International compromise - BUT challenges to global governance in practice Challenge 1: Collective Action Problem - Global climate change o “The climate is nearing tipping points. If we do not change course, well hand our children a situation that is out of their control.” Jam
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