Lecture 22 – Nation States
Beyond Nationalism: The Theory
– Nationalism is a product of industrial society: recap
– Does therefore, the passing of industrial society into post-industrial society mean that we are
moving to a post-national era?
– What would that mean?
– Primary allegiances shift from nation-state to something above that
– How would that actually transpire?
– Historical circumstances: run up to war and World War II
– How to ensure that Germany and France never fight again?
– Notions of European Federalism
– European Coal and Steel Community: 1951 (France, Germany, Italy, Belgium, Netherlands,
– State Interests: German Economic power and French political influence
– Idea: unite economies and then you unite state interests
From Coal and Steel to EU
– contradictions of only Coal and Steel: requires huge numbers of inputs – capital, environmental
standards, labour, iron ore, etc.
– Treaties of Rome: 1957 (EEC and Euratom)
– Today called European Union: from six to 27 countries
– a) European Commission: the bureaucracy of the EU – open to every EU member state citizen
(must be loyal to EU)
– b) Council: appointed representat