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Nationalism and Conflict

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Political Science
Jeffrey Kopstein

Nationalism and Conflict January 10, 2011 What is Nationalism? Seemingly obvious answer: the ideology of nations. A nation is a group that wants to have its own state. But things are not so simple. Nations do not invent nationalism * Instead, nationalism invents nations * -What is a nation? A group of people who BELIEVE they share a common fate, history, culture, and language. Nationalism says that the state and the nations should be congruent * -Nations should have states! -Leaders of states should share with the mass of people (the nation) a common culture, language, a sense of shared history, sometimes a shared religion Nationalism -But this occurs only under modern conditions. -Leaders of state should have same language, grow up with same ideas as you, and are somehow connected to you. -nationalism= connection -it never existed before modernity. -it has only existed in the past few hundred years -France is the home of the French, Germany is the home of the Germans, Italians is the home of the Italians etc. only occurs under modern conditions -Never before in human history did people insist that their leaders be of the same culture and never did leaders try to make the people share their culture. -This is a modern phenomenon -Its this need for congruence that needs to be explained. Nationalism and Modernization High culture and low cultures: European monarchs and populations. -KingQueens didnt need to speak same language as the population -the mass population didnt always speak the same language as the Kings Queens Industrial society and need for universalization of high culture.
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