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Lec.3, Sep. 26th, Marxism.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Jeffrey Kopstein

The Rise of the West and Marxism Slide 1 – Map of Europe Most economics are in North West of Europe Slide 2- origins of modern world economy Twin “revolutions” 16th-19 centuries, agricultural and industrial Agricultural revolution may be hyperbole to use the word revolution, changes in technology, those changes more across the continent. Case of Flemish and British farmers th Industrial revolution- originates in late 18 century England, people become richer More appropriately designated as a revolution ex. raw cotton processed in British factories Amount of iron process into English factories- a tenfold increase in steel, this produced changes in domestic consumption. Industrial Revolution: Consequences Luxuries became seen as necessities Distribution highly uneven, but now creation of middle class that had risen from manual labour, to professional or entrepreneurial status Social Results –allowed us to produce surplus Complexity of division of labor, regulation became more important New forms of social consciousness- contributing to society, educated, role of state, what does it mean to be Karl Marx was a good student of capitalism, German Jewish Family How to analyze a society? What does one look for first? Queens and Kings? What kind of food they eat, what alcohols they drink Marx and Materialism Materialism: why is it bad? Hegal is wrong, Hegal is based on God - God does not exist - Take what’s good inside us, God did not create man, man created god But for Marx: this doesn’t go far enough Why do we need religion? Injustice- you must go to the material causes When you are poor, you die, that is it. Critique of Hegal: Historical Materialism Hegal: consciousness creates society Marx disagrees: consciousness does not create being “being creates consciousness” Materialist conception of history is humans make their own means of survival Work is natural, humans are creative History is history of class struggle and forms of domination, history is struggle, but material struggle -Class of groups of people who share a means of production Who gets the stuff Culture ideas, art, law, mortality, religion - All determined by mode of production, superstructure. Each stage of history has its own ways of doi
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