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Lec.4, Oct.3d, Modern Democracy.docx

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Political Science
Jeffrey Kopstein

Lec #4 October 3d Modern Democracy Apartheid in South Africa 1952 – Pass Law 1994 White population consisted of 4.5 million while black population was 19 million. However 75% of national capital belonged to white population. Pop 19 mil (80%) 4.5 mil Land Allocation 13% 87% Share of National Capital 20% 75% Ratio of Av. Earnings 1 14 Physicians 1/44000 1/ 1975-2010 Number of democracies has been steadily increasing. From 46 in 1975 to 114 in 2010 Drop from 120 in 2005 to 114 in 2010. Democracy’s virtue In democratic states, the people is sovereign; in oligarchies, on the other hand, a few of oligoli hae v the position – Aristotle, the Politics Samuel Huntigton on Democracy – a 20 century pol system is democratic to the extent thaqt its most powerful collective decision-makers Democracy means collective decision making.  Liberty (freedom of the press, freedom of association, freedom of speech, rights to oppose/disagree / descent Liberty allows us to argue, debate. Through political institutions.  Equality (political) Citizens of democratic government are equal regardless the gender, race and etc. Everyone can vote and everyone is enjoying the freedom of speech modern liberalism – the equity and the quality og the individual  Rule of Law - violating rulus - violating the law  Pluralism - is essential for decent, debate and arguing – multiple interest & compromise  Institutionary uncertainty - is about winners & losersability to vote government out, losers are never out) Between 1997 and 2010 53 cases of democracies breakdowns Democracy as a process. Hugh Guthrie. MP, 1920 – to vote is the right of every citizen In 1967 \In 1899 1918 – white women could vote 1963 – branch vote How do we choose democracy? How do we make it work?  Modernization Theory o Economic Transformation Surplus started selling, trade, infrastructure, trading system, technology. o Economic development (people got richer) o Demographic change ( people live longer work longer o Social Change ( chutch becomes less important, values
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