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Lecture 4

Lecture 4 Rise of the West & Marxism.pdf

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Department
Political Science
Course
POL101Y1
Professor
Jeffrey Kopstein
Semester
Fall

Description
Lecture4: Rise of theWest & Marxism October-01-12 12:04PM • Industrializationbegantostartinthenorth westofEurope,PrimarilyBritain • Becauseindustrializationmovedslowly acrossEurope,EasternEuropewasstillanagriculturallybased society • How didtheBritishgetso rich ? • ThetwinRevolutions(16th-19th century) -Centuries,Agriculturalandindustrial • Somewhatofahyperbole,b/cagriculturalrevolutiontooktime • Agriculturalsurpluswascreated • Industrialrevolution -massivechangesacrossEuropeex:rawcotton -increased16foldinfiftyyears • Mostimportantoftheproducts- iron -amount ofironprocessedincreaseddramatically • Produceddramaticchangesindomesticconsumption • Wine,Beer,Matches,etc..-luxurieswerebeingconsumedbyeveryone • Luxuriesbecamedecencies,anddecenciesbecamenecessities • Middleclasswasborn- entrepreneur'sbecamethebourgeoisie • societybecamemorecomplex • 3socialresultsoftheIR: • 1)capacity toproducesurplus • 2)increasingcomplexityofdivisionoflabour • 3)NewformsofsocialConsciousness • Whatare theconsequencesofthesechanges PoliticalconsequencesofIR • Demiseofroyalabsolutism-kings,queens,andnoblesloosetherestatus • Parliamentoverkings-theywouldbecomesuperior • Selectionsofleadersbyelection • Riseofpoliticalparties • Universalrights-noreferencetoclass • Theneedtoaccommodatenewgroupsinpolitics KarlMarx • Howdidheanalyzesociety? - hewas interestedinthisidea • Wheredidyoulookfirsttoanalyze? • Doyoulookat the nobilityoratthedominantideas,orthemorebasicideassuchas thefoodtheyeat ? • StartedbylookingattheFeuerbachandhiscritiqueofGermanIdealism,andleadhimtoHegel(the mainmaninGerman Philosophy • Youhad to start critiquingthebiggestideas -materialism:whatisgod? • Tookthegoodout ofus and madeitinto an externalfigure • Feuerbachsaidthatmancreatedgod • However,forMarxthiswasn'tfarenough -neededtofindoutwhatdrivestheworld • Marx- saidthat weneededawayto go away frominjustices • Youhad to go thematerialcausesforsociety MarxanalyzeofHegel • Hegel-consciousnesscreatessociety • Marxdisagreed-hebelievedthatbeingcreatesconsciousness • ThiswasthebeginningofMarx'smaterialistconceptionofHistory Materialistconceptionofsociety • Humansmaketheirownmeansofsurvival -economicdeterminism • Cando thisbecauseworkisnatural,as humansarenaturallycreative • History-aclassstrugg
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